Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Incremental to Revolutionary Change: Synthesizing Indian IR System Through the Lens of Punctuated Equilibrium Theory
This article examines Indian IR system in the post-COVID-19 scenario through the lens of punctuated equilibrium theory and suggests three possible approaches to cope with the forces and generate and sustain employment growth through increased industrial investment. Theory of punctuated equilibrium advocates that a stable IR structure evolves subtly over a period of time. A swift transformation leads the dismantling of the old system and establishment of a new one. The article provides insights into three themes: first, Indian IR systems present deep structure of punctuated equilibrium, second, why this deep structure is under threat and needs a revolutionary change and third, the way forward to respond to the intrinsic and extrinsic forces.
- Annual Survey of Industries 2016-2017, India Anderson, G. (2017), Transforming Workplace Relations in New Zealand 1976-2016, Victoria University Press, New Zealand.
- Anxo, D. (2017) “Turbulent Times and Beyond: t h e S wed i sh E xp e ri en ce I n : I go r Guardiancich & Oscar Molina (ed.), Talking Through the Crisis: Social Dialogue and Industrial Relations Trends in Selected EU Countries. Geneva: International Labour Office (ILO)
- Balasubramanian, G. & Dhal, M. (2017), “Industrial Relations Situationin India: A Report”, Japan Labor Issues, 1(3): 10.
- Bélanger, J., Edwards, P. K. & Haiven, L. (Eds.) (2020), Workplace Industrial Relations and the Global Challenge, Cornell University Press.
- Besley, T.& Burgess, R. (2004), “Can Labor Regulation Hinder Economic Performance? Evidence from India”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 119(1): 91-134.
- Bray, M. & Haworth, N. (1993), Economic Restructuring & Industrial Relations in Australia & New Zealand: A Comparative Analysis, Australian Centre for Industrial Relations Research and Teaching. Sydney.
- Budhiraja, S. & Pathak, U. K. (2018), “Legal Provisions of Collective Bargaining: Contrasting India with Canada, China & Finland”, Indian Journal of Industrial Relations, 53(3): 424-36.
- CMIE Report, (2020), (https://unemploymentin india.cmie.com/), accessed on 25th May and 18th June 2020).
- Chibber, V. (2004), ‘Reviving the Developmental State? The Myth of the ‘National Bourgeoisie’, in L. Panitch and C. Leys (eds), The Empire Reloaded, London, Merlin Press.
- Dandekar, A., & Ghai, R. (2020). “Migration and Reverse Migration in the Age of COVID19”, Economic and Political Weekly, 55(19): 28-31.
- DeFronzo, J. (2018), Revolutions and Revolutionary Movements, Routledge. New York.
- Dougherty, S., Robles, V. C. F. & Krishna, K. (2011), Employment Protection Legislation and Plant-level Productivity in India (No.w17693), National Bureau of Economic Research. Economic Survey, 2005-2006, Govt. of India.
- Erickson, C. L. & Kuruvilla, S. (1998) “Industrial Relations System Transformation”,Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 52(1): 3-21.
- Fallon, P. R. & Lucas, R. E. (1993), “Job Security Regulations and the Dynamic DemandFor Industrial Labor in India and Zimbabwe”, Journal of Development Economics, 40(2): 241-75.
- Gersick, C. (2020), “Reflections on Revolutionary Change”, Journal of Change Management, 20(1), 7-23.
- Gersick, C. J. (1991), “Revolutionary Change Theories: A Multilevel Exploration of the Punctuated Equilibrium Paradigm”, Academy of Management Review, 16(1): 10-36.
- Hince, K. & Vranken, M. (1991). A Controversial Reform of New Zealand Labour Law: the Employment Contracts Act 1991, Int’l Lab. Rev., 130: 475.
- Hirway, I. (2002), “Employment and Unemployment Situation in 1990s: How Good Are NSS Data?” Economic and Political Weekly: 2027-36.
- International Organization of Migration (2011), “International Migration Law: Glossary on Migration”, second edition. IOM, Geneva Kinderman, D. P. (2019), “The Neoliberal Revolution in Industrial Relations”, Catalyst: A Journal of Theory & Strategy, 2(4): 10624.
- Mathew, B. & Jain, C. (2018), “Reviewing the Labor Code on Industrial Relations Bill, 2015”, Economic & Political Weekly, 53(21): 17.
- Mishra, S. (2017), “Social Security for Unorganized Workers in India”, Journal of Social Sciences, 53(2): 73-80.
- Piore, M. & Sabel C. F. (1984), The Second Industrial Divide: Possibilities for Prosperity, New York, Basic Books
- Plimmer, G., Bryson, J., Donnelly, N., Wilson, J., Ryan, B. & Blumenfeld, S. (2017), “The Legacy of New Public Management (NPM) on Workers, Management Capabilities, and Organizations”, New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 42(1): 19.
- Ryner, M. (1994), “Assessing SAP’s Economic Policy in the 1980s: The ‘Third Way’, the Swedish Model and the Transition from Fordism to Post-Fordism”, Economic and Industrial Democracy, 15(3): 385-428.
- Sharma, A. N. (2006), “Flexibility, Employment and Labor Market Reforms in India”, Economic and Political Weekly: 2078-85.
- Singh, B. P. (2020), “Impact of COVID-19 on Rural Economy in India”. Available at SSRN 3609973.
- Srivastava, R. (2012), “Changing Employment Conditions of the Indian Workforce and Implications for Decent Work”, Global Labor Journal, 3(1): 63-90.
- Srivastava, R. (2016), ”Structural Change and Non-standard Forms of Employment in India”, Geneva: ILO.
- Swenson, P. (1989), Fair Shares: Unions, Pay, and Politics in Sweden and West Germany, Cornell University Press.
- Venkatanarayanan, S. (2020), “United to Struggle or Struggling to Unite: Growth and Diversification of the Indian Labor Movement”, in, (Bellucci, S., & Weiss, H. The Internationalizat ion of the Labor Question , Palgrave Macmillan, Cham.
Abstract Views: 22
PDF Views: 0