Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Incidence of Hypercholesterolemia and Hyperglycemia among Rural Men and Women in Coimbatore
World wide Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) take an enormous toll on lives and health compared to communicable diseases. Cardio Vascular Diseases rank first among NCDs and contribute to 48 per cent of deaths throughout the world. The factors that increase people's risk of developing these diseases are increased levels of blood pressure, cholesterol, Body Mass Index (BMI) and blood sugar. An increase in body fat is generally associated with increased risk of metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and dyslipidemia.
- World Health Organization, Country profiles on non communicable diseases - trends in 193 countries, News release, Geneva, 2011.
- Gokulakrishnan, K., Deepa, M., Monickaraj, F. and Mohan, V. Relationship of body fat with insulin resistance and cardio metabolic risk factors among normal glucose –tolerant subjects, J. Postgrad. Med., 2011, 57, 184-188.
- Rajeev, G., Soneil, G., Krishnakumar, S., Arvind, G. and Prakash, D. Regional variations in cardiovascular risk factors in India: India Heart Watch, World J. Cardiol., 2012, 4, 112-120.
- World Heart Federation, Fact sheets, women and cardiovascular diseases, 2012.
- Tom, B. Nutritional Biochemistry, Edition 2, Elsevier Publication, 2006, 370-380.
- WHO Expert Panel, Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program expert panel on detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood cholesterol in adults, Arch. Int. Med., 1988, 148, 36-39.
- World Health Organization, Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications: Report of a WHO/IDF consultation , 1999.
- Sawant, AM., Dhanashri, S., Mankeshwar, R. and Ashavaid, T.F. Prevalence of dyslipidemia in young adult Indian Population, J. Assoc. Phys. Ind., 2008, 56, 99-102.
- Krishna, G., High Blood Cholesterol, Edition 4, Orient paperbacks publication, 2000, 73.
- Chih-Hsueh Lin, Shih-Weilai and Chiu-Shong Liu, Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and its related factor in middle aged Taiwanese Adults – A hospital based study 2003, http:// ir.cmu.edu.tw/ir/bitstream/310903500/2512/1/2003068590.pdf
- Rexford S. Ahima, Connecting obesity, aging and diabetes, Nature Med., 2009, 15, 996-997.
- Gostynski, M., Gutzwiller, F., Kuulasmaa, K., Doring, A., Ferrario, M., Grafnetter, D. and Pajak, A., Analysis of the relationship between total cholesterol, age, body mass index among males and females in the WHO MONICA Project, Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord., 2004, 8, 1082-1090.
- Helmerhost, H.J.F., Wijndaele, K., Brage, S., Wareham, N.J. and Ekeland, U. Objectively measured sedentary time may predict insulin resistance, independent of moderate and vigorous physical activity, Diab., 2009, 58, 1776-1779.
- HUDCO (2007), New Delhi, Housing financial publishing division, partial house, 232.
- Davidson, M.H., Maki, K.C., Karp, S.K. and Ingram, K.A. Management of hypercholesterolemia in postmenopausal women, Drugs Aging, 2002, 19(3), 169-178.
- Srilakshmi, B. Nutrition Science, 3rd edition, New age International publishers, 2008, 340.
- Francisco, B.O., Duck-chul Lee, Peter, T.K., Jonatan, R.R., Xuemei Sui, Timothy, S.C. and Steven, N. B. The intriguing metabolically healthy but obese phenotype: cardiovascular prognosis and role of fitness, Eur. Heart J., 2012, 10, 1093.
- Srilakshmi, B. Dietetics, 6th edition, New Age International Publishers, 2011, 156.
- Mohamed Anwar Abdelhalim, K. The potential influence of high cholesterol diet -induced oxidative stress on composition and properties of red blood cells in rabbits, African J. Microbiol. Res., 2010, 4, 836-843.
- American Heart Association, Understanding Blood Pressure Readings, 2012.
- Martin Rodriguez-porcel, Amir, L., Joerg, H., Robert S. Schwartz, Tatsuya, S., Mario, C., Claudio, N. and Lilch O. Lerman, Hypertension exacerbates the effect of hypercholesterolemia on the myocardial microvasculature, Cardio Vascular Res., 2003, 58, 213-221.
Abstract Views: 61
PDF Views: 0