Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Academic Stress and Loneliness as Correlates of Suicide Ideation among University Students


Affiliations
1 Department of Applied Psychology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science, Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Suicide, a major preventable public health issue, poses a challenge to each and every nation and society. Suicide statistics are available for almost all age groups and the under reporting of suicide data is still a challenge. Suicide statistics for India as reported by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB, 2020) mention that 1,53,052 people committed suicide in the year 2020. Furthermore, students account for 8.2% of total suicides in India (NCRB, 2020). Considering the scenario, it has become the need of the hour to study the underlying factors. The present study made an attempt to explore the relationship between academic stress, loneliness and suicide ideation among university students. The sample of the present study comprised of 200 (N=200) university students falling in the age group of 19-26 years. Academic Stress Scale (Kumar et al., 2022), Loneliness Scale (Russell et al.,1980) and Suicide Ideation Scale (Beck, 1991) were used to measure the variables. The findings established a significant positive correlation between academic stress, loneliness and suicide ideation.

Keywords

academic stress, loneliness, suicide ideation.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Beck, A., & Steer, R. (1991). Manual for the Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation. San Antonio, TX: Psychological Corporation.
  • Beck, A.T., Steer, R.A., & Ranieri, W.F. (1988). Scale for suicide ideation: Psychometric properties of a self-report version. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 44(4), 499-505
  • Bennardi, M., Caballero, F. F., Miret, M., Ayuso‐Mateos, J. L., Haro, J. M., Lara, E., & Cabello, M. (2019). Longitudinal relationships between positive affect, loneliness, and suicide ideation: Age‐specific factors in a general population. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior, 49(1), 90-103.
  • Bondevik, M., & Skogstad, A. (1998). The oldest old, ADL, social network, and loneliness. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 20(3), 325-343.
  • Chang, E. C., Chang, O. D., Martos, T., Sallay, V., Lee, J., Stam, K. R., & Yu, T. (2017). Family support as a moderator of the relationship between loneliness and suicide risk in college students: Having a supportive family matters!. The Family Journal, 25(3), 257-263.
  • De Leo, D., Burgis, S., Bertolote, J. M., Kerkhof, A. J., & Bille-Brahe, U. (2006). Definitions of suicidal behavior: Lessons learned from the WHO/EURO multicentre study. Crisis, 27(1), 4-15.
  • Duke, N. N., Skay, C. L., Pettingell, S. L., & Borowsky, I. W. (2009). From adolescent connections to social capital: Predictors of civic engagement in young adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Health, 44(2), 161-168
  • Evans, E., Hawton, K., Rodham, K., & Deeks, J. (2005). The prevalence of suicidal phenomena in adolescents: a systematic review of population‐based studies. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior, 35(3), 239-250.
  • Franklin, J. C., Ribeiro, J. D., Fox, K. R., Bentley, K. H., Kleiman, E. M., Huang, X., & Nock, M. K. (2017). Risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors: A metaanalysis of 50 years of research. Psychological Bulletin, 143(2), 187.
  • Hedley, D., Uljarević, M., Foley, K. R., Richdale, A., & Trollor, J. (2018). Risk and protective factors underlying depression and suicidal ideation in autism spectrum disorder. Depression and Anxiety, 35(7), 648-657.
  • Kumar, P., Kaushik, A., Anupam, & Yadav, V. N. (2022). Standardization of academic stress scale and its relationship with general procrastination department of psychology, central university of Haryana. Indian Journal of Psychological Science, 15(2), 2022.
  • Kwak, C. W., & Ickovics, J. R. (2019). Adolescent suicide in South Korea: risk factors and proposed multi-dimensional solution. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 150-153.
  • Masood, A., Kamran, F., Qaisar, S., & Ashraf, F. (2018). Anger, impulsivity, academic stress and suicidal risk in suicide ideators and normal cohorts. Journal of Behavioural Sciences, 28, 2.
  • McClelland, H., Evans, J. J., Nowland, R., Ferguson, E., & O'Connor, R. C. (2020). Loneliness as a predictor of suicidal ideation and behaviour: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies. Journal of Affective Disorders, 274, 880-896.
  • Munir, T., Shafiq, S., Ahmad, Z., & Khan, S. (2015). Impact of loneliness and academic stress on psychological well being among college students. Academic Research International, 6(2), 343.
  • Nandagaon, V. S., & Raddi, S. A. (2020). Depression and suicidal ideation as a consequence of academic stress among adolescent students. Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, 14, 4.
  • National Crime Records Bureau (2020). Accidental deaths and suicides in India. Retrieved from https://ncrb.gov.in/en/accidental-deaths-suicides-india-adsi
  • Page, R. M., Yanagishita, J., Suwanteerangkul, J., Zarco, E. P., Mei-Lee, C., & Miao, N. F. (2006). Hopelessness and loneliness among suicide attempters in school-based samples of Taiwanese, Philippine and Thai adolescents. School Psychology International, 27(5), 583-598.
  • Perlman, D., & Peplau, L. A. (1984). Loneliness research: A survey of empirical findings. In L. A. Peplau and S. E. Goldston (Eds.), Preventing the harmful consequences of severe and persistent loneliness (pp. 13-46). National Institute of Mental Health.
  • Roh, S., Burnette, C. E., Lee, K. H., Lee, Y. S., Easton, S. D., & Lawler, M. J. (2015). Risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms among American Indian older adults: Adverse childhood experiences and social support. Aging and Mental Health, 19(4), 371-380.
  • Russell, D , Peplau, L. A.., & Cutrona, C. E. (1980). The revised UCLAloneliness scale: Concurrent and discriminate validity evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 472-480
  • Stickley, A., Koyanagi, A., Ruchkin, V., & Kamio, Y. (2016). Attentiondeficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms and suicide ideation and attempts: Findings from the Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2007. Journal of Affective Disorders, 189, 321-328.
  • Stravynski, A., & Boyer, R. (2001). Loneliness in relation to suicide ideation and parasuicide: A population‐wide study. Suicide and Life‐Threatening Behavior, 31(1), 32-40.
  • Teo, A. R., Marsh, H. E., Forsberg, C. W., Nicolaidis, C., Chen, J. I., Newsom, J., & Dobscha, S. K. (2018). Loneliness is closely associated with depression outcomes and suicidal ideation among military veterans in primary care. Journal of Affective Disorders, 230, 42-49.
  • Vanhalst, J. (2012). Loneliness in adolescence: Developmental course, antecedents, and consequences [Doctoral Dissertation] Catholic University of Leuven.
  • Wetherall, K., Cleare, S., Eschle, S., Ferguson, E., O'Connor, D. B., O'Carroll, R. E., & O'Connor, R. C. (2018). From ideation to action: Differentiating between those who think about suicide and those who attempt suicide in a national study of young adults. Journal of Affective Disorders, 241, 475-483.
  • World Health Organization (2017). Preventing suicide: A resource for media professionals(No. WHO/MSD/MER/17.5). World Health Organization.
  • Yune, S. J., Park, K. H., Chung, W. J., Lee, S. Y., Yune, S. J., Park, K. H., & Lee, S. Y. (2011). The effects of attribution tendencies, academic stress, and coping efficacy on academic adjustment of medical students. Korean Journal of Medical Education, 23(3), 167-174

Abstract Views: 154

PDF Views: 0




  • Academic Stress and Loneliness as Correlates of Suicide Ideation among University Students

Abstract Views: 154  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Akshay Ohlan
Department of Applied Psychology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science, Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India
Taruna .
Department of Applied Psychology, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science, Technology, Hisar, Haryana, India

Abstract


Suicide, a major preventable public health issue, poses a challenge to each and every nation and society. Suicide statistics are available for almost all age groups and the under reporting of suicide data is still a challenge. Suicide statistics for India as reported by National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB, 2020) mention that 1,53,052 people committed suicide in the year 2020. Furthermore, students account for 8.2% of total suicides in India (NCRB, 2020). Considering the scenario, it has become the need of the hour to study the underlying factors. The present study made an attempt to explore the relationship between academic stress, loneliness and suicide ideation among university students. The sample of the present study comprised of 200 (N=200) university students falling in the age group of 19-26 years. Academic Stress Scale (Kumar et al., 2022), Loneliness Scale (Russell et al.,1980) and Suicide Ideation Scale (Beck, 1991) were used to measure the variables. The findings established a significant positive correlation between academic stress, loneliness and suicide ideation.

Keywords


academic stress, loneliness, suicide ideation.

References