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Effect of Globalization on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) Performance in Nigeria
This paper studies the effect of globalization on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) performance in Nigeria. The study adopts an ex post-facto type of descriptive research design. In carrying out this study, the secondary statistics data was used. Data was extracted from CBN bulletin on relevant information which depicts globalization and its effect on SMEs performance in Nigeria.A co-integration model was used to investigate the effect of globalization on SMEs performance in Nigeria. To capture the activities of globalization, three proxies were used to capture the activities of globalization; they include interest rate, bank credit and trade openness while on the other hand, output of SMEs to GDP was used to capture SMEs performance covering the period of 1992 to 2014. It was observed that interest rate, bank credit and trade openness do not improve the performance of SMEs output. The overall effect as shown by the F-statistics reveals that the variables considered in this study are not significant in explaining the level of improvement in SMEs output and performance in Nigeria.
Globalization, SMEs, Bank Credit, Trade Openness, and Interest Rate.
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