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Justice is the first virtue of social institutions as truth is of systems of thought. A theory, however, elegant and economical, must be rejected or revised if it is untrue: likewise laws and institutions no matter how efficient and well arranged, must be reformed or abolished if they are unjust. Ubiquitous divinity was universally associated with the unfettered ruler, the king in olden days. The evolution of the Hindu system towards a system having a legislative aspect was insistently warning the king that a judgment is not just unless it is given in conformity with the precepts of the sastras. The Vedas are the main source of laws. The regular word for law or custom in the Rig-Veda is Dharma.


Danda, Dharmasthiya, Dharmasthana, Gramyavadin, Kantakasodhana, Madhyamasi, Mantriparishad, Mahadandanayaka, Mahakshapatalika, Steya, Vyavahara, Wergild.
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