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Influx of Illegal Migrants and its Socio-Economic and Political Consequences of Bangladeshi Immigration in Assam


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1 North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST), Arunachal Pradesh, India
     

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Human groups have a tendency to move towards and settle in the areas of plenty from the areas of scarcity due to economic factors. However, when sociopolitical aspects are involved, such movements are really of serious consequences. The ever-changing demographic and ethnic composition of people influenced the political and economic set up even before partition of India. Consequences of Bangladeshi immigration in Assam can be viewed in different ways but it cannot be separate from each other. First the economic consequences by immigrants, second the conflict between indigenous tribal and immigrants due to illegal occupation of land, third the crisis of identity of indigenous population and the fourth is the most important and the recent one, the movement against foreigners. The later one is the most important factors in Assam for its social disruptions and political instabilities and also important from the point of view of different act and law related to immigration and citizenship and governmental roll in the state. This paper also try to analysis all the push and pull (economic) factors of migration and its consequences of major streams that have taken place during pre and post-independence period in Assam, with special reference to illegal immigration from Bangladesh.

Keywords

Conflict, Immigration, In-Migration, out Migration, Internal, International, Consequences, Identities, Assam, Bangladesh.
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  • Influx of Illegal Migrants and its Socio-Economic and Political Consequences of Bangladeshi Immigration in Assam

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Authors

Biren Saikia
North Eastern Regional Institute of Science and Technology (NERIST), Arunachal Pradesh, India

Abstract


Human groups have a tendency to move towards and settle in the areas of plenty from the areas of scarcity due to economic factors. However, when sociopolitical aspects are involved, such movements are really of serious consequences. The ever-changing demographic and ethnic composition of people influenced the political and economic set up even before partition of India. Consequences of Bangladeshi immigration in Assam can be viewed in different ways but it cannot be separate from each other. First the economic consequences by immigrants, second the conflict between indigenous tribal and immigrants due to illegal occupation of land, third the crisis of identity of indigenous population and the fourth is the most important and the recent one, the movement against foreigners. The later one is the most important factors in Assam for its social disruptions and political instabilities and also important from the point of view of different act and law related to immigration and citizenship and governmental roll in the state. This paper also try to analysis all the push and pull (economic) factors of migration and its consequences of major streams that have taken place during pre and post-independence period in Assam, with special reference to illegal immigration from Bangladesh.

Keywords


Conflict, Immigration, In-Migration, out Migration, Internal, International, Consequences, Identities, Assam, Bangladesh.