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Scope of Fig (Ficus carica L.) Cultivation in North West India


Affiliations
1 Division of Fruit Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Main campus, Chatha (J&K), India
2 Division of FST, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Main campus, Chatha(J&K), India
     

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The cultivated fig (Ficus carica L.) belonging to Moraceae family, is clearly of greatest importance as a source of human food. Common fig is also known as Anjeer. Fig is cultivated all over the world, originated from West Asia and spread to the Mediterranean region. The genus Ficus is a large one containing more than 1000 species, out of which about 65 species are found in India. In the world, the area under fig cultivation is 4,15,780 hectares with production of 10,47,230 MT (Anonymous, 2015). Egypt is leading fig producing country followed by Turkey, Algeria, Morocco and Iran. In India, fig is grown in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. The area under cultivation of fig in India is nearly 3,570 hectares with production of 14,643 MT, where in Maharashtra is the leading state followed by Karnataka (Anonymous, 2015). Fig is a minor fruit crop in North India with moderate size semi deciduous tree, growing 6-8 m high with short or twisted trunk and crown with irregular branches.
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  • Scope of Fig (Ficus carica L.) Cultivation in North West India

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Authors

Nishta Kumari
Division of Fruit Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Main campus, Chatha (J&K), India
Arti Sharma
Division of Fruit Science, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Main campus, Chatha (J&K), India
Neeraj Gupta
Division of FST, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Jammu, Main campus, Chatha(J&K), India

Abstract


The cultivated fig (Ficus carica L.) belonging to Moraceae family, is clearly of greatest importance as a source of human food. Common fig is also known as Anjeer. Fig is cultivated all over the world, originated from West Asia and spread to the Mediterranean region. The genus Ficus is a large one containing more than 1000 species, out of which about 65 species are found in India. In the world, the area under fig cultivation is 4,15,780 hectares with production of 10,47,230 MT (Anonymous, 2015). Egypt is leading fig producing country followed by Turkey, Algeria, Morocco and Iran. In India, fig is grown in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab and Tamil Nadu. The area under cultivation of fig in India is nearly 3,570 hectares with production of 14,643 MT, where in Maharashtra is the leading state followed by Karnataka (Anonymous, 2015). Fig is a minor fruit crop in North India with moderate size semi deciduous tree, growing 6-8 m high with short or twisted trunk and crown with irregular branches.

References