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Phytochemical Screening of Components Present Floral Essential Oil of an Indigenous Variety of Lantana camara, Linn (Verbenaceae)
Lantana camara, Linn (Verbenaceae), being an indigenous weed of Western Odisha, was selected for phytochemical screening of essential oil components present in fresh flowers of an indigenous variety of Lantana camara Linn., (Verbenaceae) grown as wild in Western Odisha, India. The pharmacognostical study was carried out and confirmed the presence of aromatic essential oil in the floral extract. The essential oil was hydrodistilled by using Clevengers’ apparatus. The hydrodistillated essential oil was analysed by using Gas liquid chromatographic and mass spectrophotometric technique. The GC-MS chromatogram illustrated elution of 25 number of components (87.36% in to to). ƍ-Himachalene was detected in highest (31.29%) amount. The components were belonging to class of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, terpinenes, Allyl bromides, methanol. A cardiac glycoside, Gitoxigenin (4.14%) was also identified in the chromatogram.
Lantana camara, Indigenous Weed, GC-MS, Essential Oil Constituents.
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