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Phytochemical Screening of Components Present Floral Essential Oil of an Indigenous Variety of Lantana camara, Linn (Verbenaceae)


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1 Laboratory of Medical Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla 768019, Odisha, India
     

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Lantana camara, Linn (Verbenaceae), being an indigenous weed of Western Odisha, was selected for phytochemical screening of essential oil components present in fresh flowers of an indigenous variety of Lantana camara Linn., (Verbenaceae) grown as wild in Western Odisha, India. The pharmacognostical study was carried out and confirmed the presence of aromatic essential oil in the floral extract. The essential oil was hydrodistilled by using Clevengers’ apparatus. The hydrodistillated essential oil was analysed by using Gas liquid chromatographic and mass spectrophotometric technique. The GC-MS chromatogram illustrated elution of 25 number of components (87.36% in to to). ƍ-Himachalene was detected in highest (31.29%) amount. The components were belonging to class of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, terpinenes, Allyl bromides, methanol. A cardiac glycoside, Gitoxigenin (4.14%) was also identified in the chromatogram.

Keywords

Lantana camara, Indigenous Weed, GC-MS, Essential Oil Constituents.
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  • Phytochemical Screening of Components Present Floral Essential Oil of an Indigenous Variety of Lantana camara, Linn (Verbenaceae)

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Authors

Swagatika Pradhan
Laboratory of Medical Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla 768019, Odisha, India
Smaranika Pattnaik
Laboratory of Medical Microbiology, School of Life Sciences, Sambalpur University, Jyoti Vihar, Burla 768019, Odisha, India

Abstract


Lantana camara, Linn (Verbenaceae), being an indigenous weed of Western Odisha, was selected for phytochemical screening of essential oil components present in fresh flowers of an indigenous variety of Lantana camara Linn., (Verbenaceae) grown as wild in Western Odisha, India. The pharmacognostical study was carried out and confirmed the presence of aromatic essential oil in the floral extract. The essential oil was hydrodistilled by using Clevengers’ apparatus. The hydrodistillated essential oil was analysed by using Gas liquid chromatographic and mass spectrophotometric technique. The GC-MS chromatogram illustrated elution of 25 number of components (87.36% in to to). ƍ-Himachalene was detected in highest (31.29%) amount. The components were belonging to class of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, terpinenes, Allyl bromides, methanol. A cardiac glycoside, Gitoxigenin (4.14%) was also identified in the chromatogram.

Keywords


Lantana camara, Indigenous Weed, GC-MS, Essential Oil Constituents.

References