Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Anatomical Characterization on the Leaf of Cayratia pedata var. glabra (Lam.) Gagnep. var. glabra Gamble (Vitaceae) – An Endemic Climber of Western Ghats, India


Affiliations
1 PG and Research Department of Botany, Vellalar College for Women, Thindal, Erode - 638012, Tamil Nadu, India
 

In the present effort an endeavor has been made to observe the various morphological and anatomical investigations on the leaf of Cayratia pedata var. glabra, belongs to the family Vitaceae. This is used in Ayurveda, Folk and Siddha medicine for the treatment of ulcer, antiseptic, antidiarrhoeal, refrigerant and cough. Anatomical studies revealed the presence of unicellular, non glandular epidermal trichomes, three abaxial horizontal bundles and one adaxial median bundle, anomocytic stomata and parenchymatous cells with calcium oxalate crystals. It helps to recognize and standardize the crude drug for medicinal uses. Presence of bilobed fruit is the important differentiable characterization among the other genus.

Keywords

Anatomy, Anomocytic, Cayratia pedata var. glabra, Macerate, Medicinal Plant, Morphology.
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • WHO 1991. In Progress Report by the Director General. Document No. A44/20, 22nd March 1991, World Health Organization; Geneva.
  • Rao EV. Scope of Plant Drugs in Modern Medicine. Visakha Sci J. 1997; 1:47.
  • Kumar D, Gupta J, Kumar S, Arya R, Kumar T, Gupta A. Pharmacognostic evaluation of Cayratia trifolia (Linn) leaf. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine. 2012; 6–10.
  • Gamble JS, Fischer CEC. Flora of the Presidency of Madras; Calcutta. 1967. p. 1–3.
  • Abraham Z, Bhakuni DS, Garg HS, Goel AK, Mehrotra BN, Patnaik GK. Screening of Indian plants for biological activity. Part XII. Indian J Experi Biol. 1986; 24:48–68.
  • Singh MP, Panda H. Medicinal herbs with their formulations; 1994. p. 230.
  • Chakraborty MK, Bhattarcharjee A. Some common ethnomedicinal uses for various diseases in Purulia district, West Bengal. Indian J Tradi Knowledge. 2006; 5(4):554–8.
  • Choudhury S, Chowdhury HR, Mandal S. Studies on Foliar epidermal micromorphology and preliminary phytochemical screening of three medicinally important Taxa of the Family Vitaceae. Santiniketan: Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati; 2006.
  • Najmaddin C, Hussin K, Maideen H. Comparative anatomical study between Cayratia mollissima, Pterisanthes caudigera (Vitaceae) and Leea indica (Leeaceae). American Journal of Applied Sciences. 2011; 8 (9): 839–42.
  • Jain SK, Rao RR. Field and herbarium methods. New Delhi: Today and Tomorrow Publisher; 1977.
  • Fyson PF. The Flora of the Nilgiri and Pulney hill tops. Madras: Superintendent, Government Press; 1915-20.
  • Gamble JS, Fischer CEC. Flora of the Presidency of Madras. Calcutta: Botanical Survey of India; 1957.
  • Matthew KM. The Flora of the Tamil Nadu Carnatic. The Rapinet Herbarium. Tiruchirapalli: St Joseph’s College; 1983. p. 278–9.
  • Johansen DA. Plant Microtechnique. Newyork: Mc Graw Hill Book Co; 1940. p. 523.
  • Wallis TE. Text book of Pharmacognosy. 5th ed. New Delhi, India: CBS Publishers and Distributors; 1985.
  • Camelo SRP, Costa RS, de Pontes Vieira JG, Ribeiro-Costa RM, Barbosa WLR, Vasconcelos F, Silva Junior JOC. Anatomical characterization and Microchemistry of Vismia guianensis (aubl.) Choisy (Clusiaceae) blade leaf. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2012; 3(5):1312–7.
  • Johansen DA. Plant Microtechnique. Newyork: Mc Graw Hill Book Co; 1940. p. 523.
  • Wallis TE. Text book of Pharmacognosy. 5th ed. New Delhi, India: CBS Publishers and Distributors; 1985.
  • Sass JE. Elements of Botanical Microtechnique. Newyork: McGraw Hill Book Co; 1940. p. 222.
  • O’Brien TP, Feder N, Mc Cull ME. Polychromatic staining of plant cell walls by toluidine blue-O. Protoplasma. 1964; 59:364–73.
  • Esau K. Plant Anatomy. Newyork: John Wiley and sons; 1964. p. 767.
  • Hook R. Micrographic or some physiological description of minute bodies made by magnifying glasses observations inquiries there upon. 1605-1703.
  • Lakshmi N, Jagadamma A. Pharmacognosy of Ayurvedic Drugs, Kerala. Thiruvananthapuram: Pharmacognosy Unit, Ayurvedic Research Institute; 1996. p. 165–72.
  • Rivera-Arce E, Gattuso M, Alvarado R, Zarate R, Aguero J, Feria I, Lozoya X. Pharmacognostical studies of the plant drug Mimosae tenuiflorae cortex. J Ethanopharmacol. 2007; 113:400–8.

Abstract Views: 378

PDF Views: 268




  • Anatomical Characterization on the Leaf of Cayratia pedata var. glabra (Lam.) Gagnep. var. glabra Gamble (Vitaceae) – An Endemic Climber of Western Ghats, India

Abstract Views: 378  |  PDF Views: 268

Authors

S. Sharmila
PG and Research Department of Botany, Vellalar College for Women, Thindal, Erode - 638012, Tamil Nadu, India
K. Kalaichelvi
PG and Research Department of Botany, Vellalar College for Women, Thindal, Erode - 638012, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract


In the present effort an endeavor has been made to observe the various morphological and anatomical investigations on the leaf of Cayratia pedata var. glabra, belongs to the family Vitaceae. This is used in Ayurveda, Folk and Siddha medicine for the treatment of ulcer, antiseptic, antidiarrhoeal, refrigerant and cough. Anatomical studies revealed the presence of unicellular, non glandular epidermal trichomes, three abaxial horizontal bundles and one adaxial median bundle, anomocytic stomata and parenchymatous cells with calcium oxalate crystals. It helps to recognize and standardize the crude drug for medicinal uses. Presence of bilobed fruit is the important differentiable characterization among the other genus.

Keywords


Anatomy, Anomocytic, Cayratia pedata var. glabra, Macerate, Medicinal Plant, Morphology.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.15613/sijrs%2F2016%2Fv3i1%2F136477