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Smoking and its Effects on Periodontium - A Review


Affiliations
1 Professor and Head of the Department, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
2 Professor, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
3 Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
4 Post Graduate Student, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Keral, India
     

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Tobacco smoking has been considered an independent environmental risk factor for the development and progression of periodontal disease along with other negative consequences on multiple physiological systems. It impairs the environment and ecology of the oral cavity as well as the vasculature, inflammatory-immune responses, and periodontal tissue healing ability. Studies revealed that quitting smoking improves the health of the periodontium. The objective of this report is to draw attention to the harmful effects of tobacco smoking on the periodontium.

Keywords

Immune-Inflammatory Response, Microbiology, Periodontium, Physiology, Periodontal Therapy, Smoking.
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  • Smoking and its Effects on Periodontium - A Review

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Authors

Jose Paul
Professor and Head of the Department, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
Johnson Prakash D'Lima
Professor, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
Senny Thomas
Professor, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
Sruthi Nair
Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Kerala, India
Merin joshi
Post Graduate Student, Department of Periodontics, Annoor Dental College and Hospital, Muvattupuzha, Ernakulam – 686673, Keral, India

Abstract


Tobacco smoking has been considered an independent environmental risk factor for the development and progression of periodontal disease along with other negative consequences on multiple physiological systems. It impairs the environment and ecology of the oral cavity as well as the vasculature, inflammatory-immune responses, and periodontal tissue healing ability. Studies revealed that quitting smoking improves the health of the periodontium. The objective of this report is to draw attention to the harmful effects of tobacco smoking on the periodontium.

Keywords


Immune-Inflammatory Response, Microbiology, Periodontium, Physiology, Periodontal Therapy, Smoking.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.18311/jpfa%2F2022%2F29149