Open Access Subscription Access
Bioremoval of Copper by Marine Blue Green Algae Phormodium formosum and Oscillatoria simplicissima
Objectives: Using bio-sorbents is regarded as one of the effective methods to remove heavy metals. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate Cu2+ adsorption and it’s effecting on growth of Phormodium formosum and Oscillatoria simplicissima. Methods/Statistical Analysis: Two marine cyanobacteria isolates P. formosum and O. simplicissima were tested for tolerance and removal of copper supplemental individual as a single metal at different contact times (0, ½, 1½, 3 and 24h), different temperatures (20, 30, 35 and 40 °C), different pH (4, 5, 6, 7, 8) and different concentration (5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 mg/L) under controlled laboratory conditions. Findings: The obtained results showed that lower concentration of Cu2+ (5, 10 and 20 mg/L) enhanced the algal growth (chlorophyll a), elevated concentration (30, 40 and 50 mg/L) were inhibitory to growth in case of two algal. The bioremoval of heavy metal ions (Cu2+) by P. formosum and O. simplicissima from aqueous solution showed that the highest percentage of metal bioremoval occurred at 24 h of contact time recording 90% and 80% respectively. The maximum biosorption was observed at optimal conditions including 30°C, pH of 7 and 10 mg/L at 24h of contact time. Application/Improvements: The study findings revealed that P. formosumalgae can be effectively in order to adsorb Cu2+ due to its high efficiency of Cu2+ adsorption.
- World population prospects: Population division of the department of economic and social affairs of the world organization secretariat. Available from: https://reliefweb.int/report/world/world-population-prospects2015-revision
- Osman MEH, El-Naggar AH, El-Sheekh MM, El-Mazally E. Differential effects of Co2+ and Ni2+ on molecule metabolism in Scenedesmus obliquus and Nitzchiaperminuta. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. 2004; 16(3): 169–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.etap.2003.12.004 PMid: 21782704
- Ting YP, Teo WK, Then CY. Gold uptake by alga vulgaris. Journal of Applied Phycology. 1995; 7(1):97–100. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00003557
- Sheng PX, Tan LH, genus IP, Ting YP. Biosorption performance of two brown marine algae for removal of element and number forty-eight. Journal of Dispersion Science and Technology. 2005; 25(5):679–86. https://doi.org/10.1081/DIS-200027327
- Mitrogiannis D, Markou G, Çelekli A. Biosorption of stain onto Arthrospira platensis biomass: Kinetic, equilibrium and physics studies. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering. 2015; 3(2):670–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jece.2015.02.008
- Guler UA, Sarioglu M. Mono and binary component biosorption of Cu (II), Ni (II), and Methylene Blue onto raw and pretreated S. cerevisiae: Equilibrium and kinetics. Desalination and Water Treatment. 2014; 25:369–77. https://doi.org/10.1080/19443994.2013.810359
- McHugh DJ. A guide to the seaweed industry. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nation Rome; 2003. p. 1–118.
- Amiard JC, Amiard-Triquet C, Metayer J, Ferre R. Etude du Transfert de Cd, Pb, Cu, et Zn dans les Chainestrophiquesneritiques et estuariennes-I. Etatdansl’estuaire interne de la loire (France) au cours de l’ete 1978. Water Res. 1980; 14:665–73. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1354(80)90125-6
- Kapkov VI, Belenikina OA. A study of the resistance of mass marine algae to serious metals. Moscow University Biological Sciences Bulletin. 2007; 62(1):30–3. https://doi.org/10.3103/S0096392507010075
- Wilde EW, Benemann JR. Bioremoval of significant metals by the employment of microalgae. Biotechnology Advances. 1993; 11(4):781–812. https://doi.org/10.1016/0734-9750(93) 90003-6
- Kuyucak N, Volesky B. Accumulation of element by marine alga. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 1989; 33(7): 809–14. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.260330703 PMid: 18587987
- Martin S, Griswold W. Human health effects of significant metals. Environmental Science and Technology Briefs for Citizens. 2009; 15:1–6.
- Wilde EW, Benemann JR. Bioremoval of heavy metals by the use of microalgae. Biotechnology Advances. 1993; 11(4):781–812. https://doi.org/10.1016/0734-9750(93) 90003-6
- Roy D, Greenlaw BN. Adsorption of heavy metals by green algae and ground rice hulls. Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part A: Environmental Science and Engineering and Toxicology. 1993; 28(1):37–50.
- Guillard RRL, Ryther JH. Studies of marine organism diatoms: I. Cyclotella nana Hustedt and Detonulaconfervacea (Cleve) Gran. Canadian Journal of Microbiology. 1962; 8(2):229–39. https://doi.org/10.1139/m62-029 PMid: 13902807
- Guillard RRL. Culture of phytoplankton for feeding marine invertebrates. Culture of Marine Invertebrate Animals. New York: Plenum Press; 1975. p. 29–60. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-8714-9_3
- Hasle GR, Syvertsen EE. Marine Diatoms. In Tomas, CR, Hasle GR, Steidinger KA, Syvertsen EE, Tangen, K. (eds). Identifying Marine Diatoms and Dinoflagellates. Academic Press, Inc. Harcourt Brace and Company; 1996. p. 5–386.
- Pulz O, Gross W. Valuable merchandise from biotechnology of microalgae. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 1968; 65:635–48. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-004-1647-x PMid:15300417
- Cronberg G, Annadotter H. Manual on Aquatic eubacteria.ISSHA; 2006. p. 1–106.
- Strickland JDH, Persons TR. A practical handbook of seawater analysis. 2nd ed. Bulletin 167. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada; 1972. p. 1–311.
- Cucarella V, Renman G. Phosphorus sorption capacity of filter materials used for on-site wastewater treatment determined in batch experiments-a comparative study. Journal of Environmental Quality. 2009; 38(2):381–92. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2008.0192 PMid:19202009
- Becker EW. Microalgae: biotechnology and microbiology. Cambridge: University press; 1994. p. 1–293.
- Bartlett L, Rabe FW, Funk WH. Effects of copper, zinc and cadmium on Selanastrum capricornutum. Water Research. 1974; 8(3):179–85. https://doi.org/10.1016/00431354(74)90041-4
- Cid A, Herrero C, Torres E, Abalde J. Copper toxicity on the marine microalga Phaeodactylum tricornutum: Effects on photosynthesis and related parameters. Aquatic Toxicology. 1995; 31(2):165–74. https://doi.org/10.1016/0166-445X(94) 00071-W
- Murray-Gulde C, Heatley J, Schwartzman A, Rodgers JR. Algicidal effectiveness of clearigate, cutrine-plus, and copper sulfate and margins of safety associated with their use. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. 2002; 43(1):19–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-0021135-1 PMid:12045870
- Wilde KL, Stauber JL, Markich SJ, Franklin NM, Brown PL. The effect of pH on the uptake and toxicity of copper and zinc in a tropical freshwater alga (Chlorella sp). Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology. 2006, 51 (2), pp. 174-185. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00244-004-0256-0 PMid:16583260
- Nalimova A, Popova V, Tsoglin L, Pronina N. The effect of copper and zinc on spirulina platensis growth and heavy metal accumulation in its cell. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology. 2005; 52(2): 229–34. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11183-005-0035-4
- Foster PL. Metal resistances of algae from rivers contaminated by serious metal. Fresh Biology. 1982; 12(1):41–61. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2427.1982.tb00602.x
- Awadalla FT, Pesic B. Biosorption of cobalt with the AMTTM metal removing agent. Hydrometallurgy. 1992; 28(1): 65–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-386X(92)90065-8
- Aksu Z. Determination of the equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of the batch biosorption of nickel (II) ions onto Chlorella vulgaris. Process Biochemistry. 2002; 38(1):89–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0032-9592(02)00051-1
- Aksu Z. Equilibrium and kinetic modelling of cadmium (II) biosorption by C. vulgaris in a batch system: effect of temperature. Separation and Purification Technology. 2001; 21(3):285–94. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1383-5866 (00)00212-4
- Malakootian M, Moussavi SGH, Toolabi A. A studay of kinetics and biosorption isotherms of heavy matals by algae ulothrixzonata form industrial wastewater. Scientific Journal of Ilame University of Medical Sciences. 2011; 19(4):26–37.
- Aksu Z, Kutsal T. A comparative study for biosorption characteristics of significant metal ions with C. vulgaris. Environmental Technology. 1990; 11(10):979–87. https://doi.org/10.1080/09593339009384950
- Converti A, Casazza AA, Ortiz EY, Perego P, Del Borghi M. Effect of temperature and nitrogen concentration on the growth and lipid content of Nannochloropsisoculata and Chlorella vulgaris for biodiesel production. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification. 2009; 48(6):1146–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cep.2009.03.006
- Renaud SM, Thinh LV, Lambrinidis G, Parry DL. Effect of temperature on growth, chemical composition and acid composition of tropical Australian microalgae grownup in batch cultures. Aquaculture. 2002; 211(1):195–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00875-4
- Matheickal JT, Yu QM. Biosorption of lead (II) and copper (II) from liquid solutions by pre-treated biomass of Australian marine algae. Bioresource Technology. 1999; 69(3):223–9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0960-8524(98)00196-5
- Romera E, González F, Ballester A, Blázquez M, Munoz J. Comparative study of biosorption of significant metals victimization differing types of algae. Bioresource Technology. 2007; 98(17):3344–53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech. 2006.09.026 PMid:17624771
- Farajzadeh MA, Monji AB. Activity characteristics of wheat bran towards serious metal cations. Journal of Separation and Purification Technology. 2004; 38(3):197–207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2003.11.005
- Fraile A, Penche S, Gonzalez F, Blazquez M, Munoz J, Ballester A. Biosorption of copper, zinc, number forty-eight and nickel by alga vulgaris. Chemistry and Ecology. 2005; 21(1):61–75. https://doi.org/10.1080/02757540512331334933
- Kermani M, Pourmoghaddas H, Bina B. Removal of phenol from aqueous solutions by rice husk ash and activated carbon. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences. 2006; 9(10):1905–10. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2006. 1905.1910
- Goholizadeh A, Gholami M, Kermani M. Kinetic and tank models for absorption of phenolic compounds on chemically modified seaweed, Cystoseiraindica. Journal of North Khorasan University of Medical Sciences. 2013; 4(4): 683–93. https://doi.org/10.29252/jnkums.4.4.683.
Abstract Views: 498
PDF Views: 0