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Metabolic and Immunological Changes in Transition Dairy Cows:A Review


Affiliations
1 Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
2 Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
3 Division of Animal Physiology, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
4 Division of Animal Nutrition, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
5 Dairy Production Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
 

Smooth transition from pregnancy to lactation is important for high productive and reproductive performance during later postpartum period in dairy animals. On the other hand, the poor transition often leads to huge economic loss to dairy farmers due to compromised production and reproduction. Therefore, understanding the causes and consequence of metabolic changes during the transition period is very important for postpartum health management. In this review, metabolic changes with reference to negative energy balance in transition cow and its effect on health and reproduction during the later postpartum period in dairy animals are discussed besides the role of metabolic inflammation in postpartum performance in dairy animals.

Keywords

Acute Phase Proteins, Dairy Cows, Inflammatory Cytokines, Negative Energy Balance, Transition Period.
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  • Metabolic and Immunological Changes in Transition Dairy Cows:A Review

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Authors

Pratik Ramesh Wankhade
Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
A. Manimaran
Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
A. Kumaresan
Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
S. Jeyakumar
Livestock Research Centre, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
K. P. Ramesha
Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
V. Sejian
Division of Animal Physiology, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
D. Rajendran
Division of Animal Nutrition, ICAR-National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India
Minu Rachel Varghese
Dairy Production Section, Southern Regional Station, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Adugodi, Bengaluru-560030, Karnataka, India

Abstract


Smooth transition from pregnancy to lactation is important for high productive and reproductive performance during later postpartum period in dairy animals. On the other hand, the poor transition often leads to huge economic loss to dairy farmers due to compromised production and reproduction. Therefore, understanding the causes and consequence of metabolic changes during the transition period is very important for postpartum health management. In this review, metabolic changes with reference to negative energy balance in transition cow and its effect on health and reproduction during the later postpartum period in dairy animals are discussed besides the role of metabolic inflammation in postpartum performance in dairy animals.

Keywords


Acute Phase Proteins, Dairy Cows, Inflammatory Cytokines, Negative Energy Balance, Transition Period.