The PDF file you selected should load here if your Web browser has a PDF reader plug-in installed (for example, a recent version of Adobe Acrobat Reader).

If you would like more information about how to print, save, and work with PDFs, Highwire Press provides a helpful Frequently Asked Questions about PDFs.

Alternatively, you can download the PDF file directly to your computer, from where it can be opened using a PDF reader. To download the PDF, click the Download link above.

Fullscreen Fullscreen Off

Gone are days where extrinsic motivators, such as pay alone were sufficient to keep employees happy and motivated. Many studies have already found that in addition to extrinsic motivators, intrinsic motivators are necessary to ensure that employees remain in the organisation. Previous researches proved that lower-level employees' need extrinsic motivators while for top management level, employees' intrinsic motivation plays important role to perform well and to be happy in the organisation, though at varied extents. In our country, substantial number of employees belong to middle level management. In this research, an analysis is done on the impact of intrinsic motivators - i.e., autonomy, competence and relatedness - on overall motivation. These are mentioned in the Self-Determination Theory (SDT). Questionnaire-based survey was used to examine the intrinsic motivational state of the middle level management employees working in companies from various sectors. Results of the study suggest that there are a strong impact of autonomy and relatedness components on overall motivation while competency component has less impact on overall motivation. The study also suggests that there is a strong impact of pay/remuneration on overall motivation.


Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Self-Determination, Autonomy, Competence, Relatedness.
Font Size