Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Nationalism in India as Reflected in the Hindi Poetry


Affiliations
1 B N Mandal University, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


The Hindu Poetry is the cultural record of the development of nationalism in India. It reflects how the Hindu nationalism germinated as early as in Chandra Bardai’s Prithvi Raj Raso, how it became militant in the Poetry of Bhushan who used the sentiment of heroism to develop national and ethnic pride, how it began to give way to secular nationalism in the trasitional phase of Bharatendu who lamented the glorious past and the miserable present of India, how it gradually became more and more vocal, liberal, all-embracing and even militant,especially in such hands as Maithilisharan Gupta and Sheedhar Pathak, and then - when nationalism under Gandhi’s leadership was on a full swing - in such poets as Makhan Lal Chatturvedi. In the postcolonial phase, however, there developed the notes of frustration, disillusion, resentment and anger as the people’s expectations remained unfulfilled, and consequently a mixed sense of doubt and critical inquiry creeped in and the emotional mode of expression was replaced by the realistic one. The Poetry of the nineteen-sixties particularly marks the significant change as reflected in such poets as Girija Kumar Mathur, Dinkar, Raghuvir Sahay and Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, and in a more pungent tone in the anti-establishment poets, Rajkamal Choudhury and Dhoomil.

Keywords

National, Ethnic, Hindu, Secular, Identity, Consciousness, Emotional, Realistic, Post-Colonial, Anti-Establishment.
User
Subscription Login to verify subscription
Notifications
Font Size

  • Bhushan. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Baradai, Chand. Prithviraj Raso. Editor: Mohan Singh. Sahitya Samsthan. Retrieved on July 12, 2016.
  • Chatturvedi, Makhanlal. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Chauhan, Subhadra Kumari. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Choudhary, Rajkamal. Audit Report. 2006. New Delhi: Vani Prakashan. Dhoomil. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Dinkar, Ramdhari Singh. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Dwivedi, Sohan Lal. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Shankar, Nathuram Sharma. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Faiz, Faiz Ahmed. 2017. Pratinidhi Kavitayein. Delhi: Rajkamal Prakashan
  • Gupt, Ganpati Chandra. Hindi Sahitya ka Vaijnanik Itihas. 2002. Allahabad: Lok Bharati.
  • Gupt, Maithilisharan. Bharat Bharati. 2007. Jhansi: Sahitya Sadan.
  • Gupt, Siyaramsharan. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Harishchandra, Bharatendu. Bharat Durdasha. 2011. Parag Prakashan. ISBN 819105213x.
  • Machve, Prabhakar, Jagdish Gupta, etc. 1958. Hindi Kavya ki Pravritiyan . Delhi: Rajkamal Prakashan.
  • Mathur, Girija Kumar. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Mathur, Girija Kumar. 1966. Nayee Kavita: Seemayein aur Sambhavnayen.
  • Delhi: Akshar Prakashan.
  • Mishra, Pratap Narayan. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Nagarjun. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Nagendra(Dr) and Dr Hardayal. Hindi Sahitya ka Itihas. National. New Delhi.
  • Nirala, Suryakant Tripathy. Anima. 2015. Lokbharati Prakashan.
  • Pathak, Shridhar. http://kavitakosh.org, retrieved on September 30, 2016.
  • Prasad, Jaishankar. www.anubhuti-hindi. org, retrieved on October, 2016.
  • Sahay, Raghuvir. 2006. Pratinidhi Kavitayein. Delhi: Rajkamal Prakashan.
  • Saxena, Sarveshwar Dayal. 2017. Pratinidhi Kavitayein. Delhi: Rajkamal Prakashan.

Abstract Views: 234

PDF Views: 0




  • Nationalism in India as Reflected in the Hindi Poetry

Abstract Views: 234  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Shambhu Lal Verma
B N Mandal University, India

Abstract


The Hindu Poetry is the cultural record of the development of nationalism in India. It reflects how the Hindu nationalism germinated as early as in Chandra Bardai’s Prithvi Raj Raso, how it became militant in the Poetry of Bhushan who used the sentiment of heroism to develop national and ethnic pride, how it began to give way to secular nationalism in the trasitional phase of Bharatendu who lamented the glorious past and the miserable present of India, how it gradually became more and more vocal, liberal, all-embracing and even militant,especially in such hands as Maithilisharan Gupta and Sheedhar Pathak, and then - when nationalism under Gandhi’s leadership was on a full swing - in such poets as Makhan Lal Chatturvedi. In the postcolonial phase, however, there developed the notes of frustration, disillusion, resentment and anger as the people’s expectations remained unfulfilled, and consequently a mixed sense of doubt and critical inquiry creeped in and the emotional mode of expression was replaced by the realistic one. The Poetry of the nineteen-sixties particularly marks the significant change as reflected in such poets as Girija Kumar Mathur, Dinkar, Raghuvir Sahay and Sarveshwar Dayal Saxena, and in a more pungent tone in the anti-establishment poets, Rajkamal Choudhury and Dhoomil.

Keywords


National, Ethnic, Hindu, Secular, Identity, Consciousness, Emotional, Realistic, Post-Colonial, Anti-Establishment.

References