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Changes in Physico-Chemical Properties of Coffee Due to Hot Air Assisted Microwave Drying


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1 Food Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur (T. N.), India
     

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Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world. One of the principle technological processes is drying; giving rise to the formation of the characteristic colour, flavour and taste of coffee brew. Conventionally there are two types of drying techniques used in the coffee processing, (sun drying and mechanical drying). The initial moisture content of harvested coffee is about 55-60 per cent and after drying lowers the moisture content to around 12 per cent (w.b). Drying should be uniform to obtain acceptable colour, size along with the removal of pests for a longer safe storage. Since coffee production is seasonal, traditional sun drying is quite tough. In recent years, microwave drying has gained popularity as an alternative drying method for a wide variety of food and agricultural products. With the fixed hot air temperature of 45°C, three different microwave output powers ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 kW and three different belt speed ranging from 5mm/s to 15mm/s were used in the drying experiments. Increasing the microwave output power resulted in a significant decrease in drying time within 5 per cent significance level. While the belt speed had no significant effect on the total drying time but had a significant effect on the physico-chemical properties.

Keywords

Microwave, Coffee, Drying, Physico-Chemical Properties.
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  • Changes in Physico-Chemical Properties of Coffee Due to Hot Air Assisted Microwave Drying

Abstract Views: 265  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Payel Ghosh
Food Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur (T. N.), India
N. Venkatachalapathy
Food Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Crop Processing Technology, Thanjavur (T. N.), India

Abstract


Coffee is one of the most popular beverages in the world. One of the principle technological processes is drying; giving rise to the formation of the characteristic colour, flavour and taste of coffee brew. Conventionally there are two types of drying techniques used in the coffee processing, (sun drying and mechanical drying). The initial moisture content of harvested coffee is about 55-60 per cent and after drying lowers the moisture content to around 12 per cent (w.b). Drying should be uniform to obtain acceptable colour, size along with the removal of pests for a longer safe storage. Since coffee production is seasonal, traditional sun drying is quite tough. In recent years, microwave drying has gained popularity as an alternative drying method for a wide variety of food and agricultural products. With the fixed hot air temperature of 45°C, three different microwave output powers ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 kW and three different belt speed ranging from 5mm/s to 15mm/s were used in the drying experiments. Increasing the microwave output power resulted in a significant decrease in drying time within 5 per cent significance level. While the belt speed had no significant effect on the total drying time but had a significant effect on the physico-chemical properties.

Keywords


Microwave, Coffee, Drying, Physico-Chemical Properties.