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Association of Prebiotic and Probiotic Food Consumption with Depression, Anxiety and Stress among College Going Students


Affiliations
1 Department of Physiology and Promotive Health, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
2 Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
3 Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
     

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Adolescents are more susceptible to mental health conditions due to multiple physical, emotional and social changes occurring during this phase. The prevalence of depression, stress and anxiety is rising at an alarming rate in adolescents. Dietary intake has the potential to affect the mental state of an individual which is largely dependent on gut microflora composition. The study thus aims to find the influence of prebiotic and probiotic intake on mental disorders among students. A cross-sectional exploratory study was conducted among 404 college students from India. Data has been collected using convenience sampling and an online structured Google Questionnaire Form. DASS-42 questionnaire was used for collecting information on levels of depression, anxiety and stress and a validated qualitative food frequency questionnaire consisting of 13 food groups with 39 unique food items was used for understanding consumption patterns of prebiotic / probiotic foods. The findings revealed the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress to be 56.7%, 64.1% and 52% respectively. Consumption of probiotic foods was low except for milk/milk products, vegetables, fruits, wheat / wheat products, biscuits, chocolate and methai. Yogurt and pickles were consumed frequently whereas consumption of miso paste, tausi and yakult were low. Lower consumption of a few prebiotic and probiotic foods was negatively associated with depression, anxiety and stress. This study underlines the beneficial impact of consuming prebiotic and probiotic food on mental health of college going students. Future studies are needed to generate robust evidence for advocating consumption of prebiotic and probiotic food as a preventive and therapeutic measure for promoting mental health.

Keywords

Probiotics, prebiotics, depression, anxiety, stress, mental health, gut microbiota
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  • Association of Prebiotic and Probiotic Food Consumption with Depression, Anxiety and Stress among College Going Students

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Authors

Manjula Suri
Department of Physiology and Promotive Health, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
Vandana Sabharwal
Department of Food and Nutrition, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
Pragya Kaushik
Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
Anushka Joshi
Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
Aayushi
Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India
Sunita Aggarwal
Department of Microbiology, University of Delhi, Institute of Home Economics, Delhi, India

Abstract


Adolescents are more susceptible to mental health conditions due to multiple physical, emotional and social changes occurring during this phase. The prevalence of depression, stress and anxiety is rising at an alarming rate in adolescents. Dietary intake has the potential to affect the mental state of an individual which is largely dependent on gut microflora composition. The study thus aims to find the influence of prebiotic and probiotic intake on mental disorders among students. A cross-sectional exploratory study was conducted among 404 college students from India. Data has been collected using convenience sampling and an online structured Google Questionnaire Form. DASS-42 questionnaire was used for collecting information on levels of depression, anxiety and stress and a validated qualitative food frequency questionnaire consisting of 13 food groups with 39 unique food items was used for understanding consumption patterns of prebiotic / probiotic foods. The findings revealed the prevalence of depression, anxiety and stress to be 56.7%, 64.1% and 52% respectively. Consumption of probiotic foods was low except for milk/milk products, vegetables, fruits, wheat / wheat products, biscuits, chocolate and methai. Yogurt and pickles were consumed frequently whereas consumption of miso paste, tausi and yakult were low. Lower consumption of a few prebiotic and probiotic foods was negatively associated with depression, anxiety and stress. This study underlines the beneficial impact of consuming prebiotic and probiotic food on mental health of college going students. Future studies are needed to generate robust evidence for advocating consumption of prebiotic and probiotic food as a preventive and therapeutic measure for promoting mental health.

Keywords


Probiotics, prebiotics, depression, anxiety, stress, mental health, gut microbiota

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.21048/IJND.2022.59.1.28714