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Anxiety Disorders–A Review


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1 Department of Pharmacology, Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Marayamuttom, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala., India
     

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Anxiety is defined as the state of fear, apprehension, tension, panic and restlessness. If the symptoms of anxiety interfers the daily life activities then these are called anxiety disorders. Nowadays, anxiety became an important symptom of various mental disorders such as major depressive disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, panic disorders, post traumatic stress disorders and various phobias. These disorders mainly affects one-eighth of the total population worldwide and became an important area in the psychopharmacology. The management of anxiety disorders results in high expenditure and negative impact on quality of life. Currently allopathic drugs became the major scenario in the anxiety treatments but these treatments produce large amounts of adverse effects. Use of herbal remedies for the treatment of anxiety is in fast progress. The phytoconstituents of these medicinal plants are found to be acting through the serotonin and GABA neurotransmitters.

Keywords

Anxiety, Fear, Seratonin, GABA, Panic, Obsessive Compulsive Disorders, Herbal Remedies.
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  • Anxiety Disorders–A Review

Abstract Views: 354  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Vidya Raju
Department of Pharmacology, Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Marayamuttom, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala., India
Jasmine Joy Bell
Department of Pharmacology, Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Marayamuttom, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala., India
N. J. Merlin
Department of Pharmacology, Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Marayamuttom, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala., India
Shaiju S. Dharan
Department of Pharmacology, Ezhuthachan College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Marayamuttom, Neyyattinkara, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala., India

Abstract


Anxiety is defined as the state of fear, apprehension, tension, panic and restlessness. If the symptoms of anxiety interfers the daily life activities then these are called anxiety disorders. Nowadays, anxiety became an important symptom of various mental disorders such as major depressive disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders, panic disorders, post traumatic stress disorders and various phobias. These disorders mainly affects one-eighth of the total population worldwide and became an important area in the psychopharmacology. The management of anxiety disorders results in high expenditure and negative impact on quality of life. Currently allopathic drugs became the major scenario in the anxiety treatments but these treatments produce large amounts of adverse effects. Use of herbal remedies for the treatment of anxiety is in fast progress. The phytoconstituents of these medicinal plants are found to be acting through the serotonin and GABA neurotransmitters.

Keywords


Anxiety, Fear, Seratonin, GABA, Panic, Obsessive Compulsive Disorders, Herbal Remedies.

References