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Paika Uprising as the First War of Independence: Acceptance and Challenges


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1 U. N. (Auto.) College of Sc. & Tech. Adaspur, Cuttack, India
 

Paika Rebellion, colloquially known as 'Paika Vidroha', which broke out in certain parts of Odisha from 1805 to 1836 making Khurdha as the epicentre, summoned the attention of the people as well as the scholars of different backgrounds in recent years, when, in 2018, this celebrated violent outbreak was officially declared as the 'First War of Indian Independence'. Both the State Government of Odisha as well as the Central Government of India has accepted the demand of a group of people who believed that the Odias of the early 19th century fought this war as a 'War of Independence' in India against the colonial British. The Great Revolt of 1857 no longer remained the First War of Indian Independence as enunciated by B.D.Savarkar. This incidence pushed back the origin of nationalism into the very first decade of the 19th century Odisha, creating many intellectual furores in the region and 1outside. This revolt, which actually was the combination of a series of bloody skirmishes and pitched battles, is also known as 'Khurdha Rebellion', because the king of Khurdha took the leadership of it in its initial periods, making his capital Khurdhagarh the eye of the storm.

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  • Bijay Chandra Rath, Jayee Rajguru and Anti- Colonial Resistance in Khurda, Bhubaneswar, pp.95-120.
  • Dr.Bhagaban Prakash, “Kaau Hela Raau Raau: Paika uprising in Perspective”, Jayee Rajguru: The Marshal and the First Martyr of India's War of Independence, Paika Bidroha, Sanket communication, Delhi, 2017pp.63-65.
  • Dr. Ram Chandro Misro, “Jayee Rajguru: The 'Unparalled Phenomenon”, in Jayee Rajguru..op.cit., Sanket communication, Delhi, 2017,pp.43-45.
  • The Hindu, 31 October 2017.
  • B. C. Ray, Bakshi Jagabandhu: The Pathfinder of Freedom Movement of India, Bhubaneswar, 2001, p.28; T. Mohanty, “Jayee Rajguru (1739-1805)”, in Orissa Review, Vol. LIX, No.1 August, 2002, p.27.
  • The Pioneer, 6 September 2017.
  • The Samaja, 09 December 2019.
  • Kedarnath Mohapatra, Khurudha Itihas (O), Granthamandira, Cuttack, 2000, pp.242-43.
  • The Telegraph, 21 July 2017.
  • The times of India, 23 October 2017.

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  • Paika Uprising as the First War of Independence: Acceptance and Challenges

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Authors

Rasananda Bag
U. N. (Auto.) College of Sc. & Tech. Adaspur, Cuttack, India

Abstract


Paika Rebellion, colloquially known as 'Paika Vidroha', which broke out in certain parts of Odisha from 1805 to 1836 making Khurdha as the epicentre, summoned the attention of the people as well as the scholars of different backgrounds in recent years, when, in 2018, this celebrated violent outbreak was officially declared as the 'First War of Indian Independence'. Both the State Government of Odisha as well as the Central Government of India has accepted the demand of a group of people who believed that the Odias of the early 19th century fought this war as a 'War of Independence' in India against the colonial British. The Great Revolt of 1857 no longer remained the First War of Indian Independence as enunciated by B.D.Savarkar. This incidence pushed back the origin of nationalism into the very first decade of the 19th century Odisha, creating many intellectual furores in the region and 1outside. This revolt, which actually was the combination of a series of bloody skirmishes and pitched battles, is also known as 'Khurdha Rebellion', because the king of Khurdha took the leadership of it in its initial periods, making his capital Khurdhagarh the eye of the storm.

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