The Study of Upper Body Angle of Fire-Fighters Carrying a Patient on a Stretcher with Helmets
Background/Objectives: This study analyzed the upper body angle of firefighters carrying a patient on a stretcher with helmets. The purpose of the study was to reduce musculoskeletal symptoms.
Methods/Statistical analysis: Fire firefighters (N=15) with helmets performed lifting and lowering a stretcher. At this time, we compared the angles of their neck, shoulders, back, and upper body muscles. With the collected data, descriptive statistics were conducted for each part and situation.
Findings: We used an analysis method to verify the difference before and after wearing helmets. Upper body angles were calculated as follows. With a helmet, the shoulder angle at E1 while the worker was lifting down the stretcher was statistically significant (p<.05). The neck angle at E2 and E3 while the worker was lifting the stretcher was statistically significant (p<.005, p<.05). And the back angle at E2 (p<.05) and shoulder angle at E2 (p<.005) showed statistically significant values with helmet, while the worker was lifting the stretcher.
Improvements/Applications: Therefore, our results suggest that developing higher helmets will reduce the stress of neck and back and musculoskeletal fatigue.
- Ministry of Public Safety and Security Agency, Fire Administration and Statistics, 2016
- Shin D, Hong E, Kim K, Kim K, Moon T, Musculoskeletal Diseases in 119 Rescuers, Journal of Digital Policy and Management,2013, 11(9), pp.209-219
- National Emergency Management, Fire Administration and Statistics, 2011
- Kim D, Moon M, Kim K, A Survey of Musculoskeletal Symptoms and Risk Factors for the119 Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Activities, Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, 2010, 29(2), pp.211-216
- Kim I, Sung J, Occupational Health and Fitness for Work of Firefighters, The Journal of the Korean Medical Association , 2008, 51(12) , pp.1078-1086.
- Hong SW, Uhm DC, Jun MH, Job Stress and Work-Related Musculoskeletal Symptoms of 119 Emergency Medical Technicians. Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing, 2010, 19(2), pp.223-235
- Ministry of the Interior, Fire Administration and Statistics, 2004.
- Shin D, Lee I, Dynamic Model during Emergency Medical Technicians Lifting Postures, Korean Society of sport and leisure studies, 2006, 27, pp. 203-214.
- Ham Y, An Y, A Study on Low Back Pain Prevalence Rate and Related Factors among Emergency Medical Technicians Working at Fire Stations Purpose, Korean Society of Muscle and Joint Health, 2008, 15(2), pp.175-182.
- Kang S, Kim W, Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Firefighters, Journal of Korean Medicine Association, 2008, 51(12), pp.1111-1117.
- Lee K, Ji H, A Study of Overexertion of Neck and Arm Muscles when Working on Objects Overhead at Orchards, Proceeding. Journal of Ergonomics Society of Korea,2012, pp.67-76
- Kim K, Risk exposure and health impact of firefighters, Journal of Korean Industrial Hygiene Association., 2005, 207, pp.9-19.
- Oh J, Shin E, Chung I, Analysis of Range of Motion of Neck and Muscle Activity According to VDT Working Time, Korean Journal of Sports Science, 2016, 25(3), pp.1531-1539.
- Park H, Kim T, Effect of Pelvic Tilting and the Back-belt on Electromyographic Activity of Erector Spinae during Lifting, International Journal of Contents, 2009, 9(3), pp. 296-304.
- Sartorio F, Vercelli S, Ferriero G, D'Angelo F, Migliario M, Franchignoni M, Work-related musculoskeletal diseases in dental professionals, 1. Prevalence and risk factors. GiornaleItaliano Di Medicina Del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia, 2005, 27(2), pp.165-169.
- Bejia I, Younes M, Jamila H, Khalfallah T, Ben Salem T, Touzi M, Precalence and factors associated to low back pain among hospital staff, Joint Bone Spine, 2005, 72(3), pp.254-259
- Barbara A, paramedic practice today, Elsevier Science Health Science division. 2011.
- Macdonald G, Hazards in dental workplace, International Journal of Dental Hygiene, 1987, 61(5), pp. 212-218.
- Lee K, Ji H, A Study of Overexertion of Neck and Arm Muscles when Working on Objects Overhead at Orchards, Journal of Ergonomics Society of Korea, 2012, pp.67-76.
- Lee K, Park J, A Study of Loadings of Neck Muscles when Bent Backward, Journal of the Korean Society of Safety, 2012, 27(1), pp.111-116.
- Weon J, Oh J, Cynn HS, Influence of forward head posture on scapular upward rotators during isometric shoulder flexion, Journal of Body work and Movement Therapies, 2010, 14, pp.367-374.
- Janda V, Muscles and cervicongenicpain syndromes; In Physical therapy of the cercical and thoracicspine, Ed. R. Grand, New York: Churchill Livingstone,1988, pp.153-166.
- Kim K, Risk exposure and health impact of firefighters, Journal of Korean Industrial Hygiene Association, 2005, 207, pp.9-19.
Abstract Views: 15
PDF Views: 0