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Analysis of Muscle Activity of Ambulance Workers Carrying a Patient on a Stretcher with or without Helmets


Affiliations
1 Republic of Korea Air Force Academy, Sangdang-guNamil-myeon 335-1 Cheongju, Chungbuk, 28187, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
2 Dept. Emergency Medical Technology, Kangwon National University, Joongang-roSamcheok-siGangwon-do, 25913, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
3 Korea Fire Institute 331 Jisamro, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 17088, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
4 Dept. of Management Information System, Korea National University of Transportation, 50 Daehak-ro, Chungju-si, Chungbuk,27469, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
5 Yangpeong Fire Station, Kyungkang-ro 2047 Yangpeong–eupYangpeong–gun Kyungkido, 12547, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
6 Dept. Emergency Medical Technology, Korea National University of Transportation, 50 Daehak-ro, Chungju-si, Chungbuk,27469, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
     

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Background/Objectives: The purpose of the study was to reduce musculoskeletal symptoms. Ambulance workers with helmets performed lifting and lowering a stretcher.

Methods/Statistical analysis: At this time, we compared the muscle activity of upper body muscles. With the collected data, descriptive statistics were conducted for each part and situation. We used an analysis method to verify the difference before and after wearing helmets.

Findings: The results of upper body muscle activity were calculated. When workers were wearing a helmet and lowering a stretcher, the muscle activity was high and showed statistically significant values in the right sternocleidomastoid muscle (p<.005), right splenius capitis (p<.001), left splenius capitis (p<.05), right trapezius muscle (p<.05), and left erector spinae muscle (p<.005). When workers were wearing helmets and lifting the stretcher, the muscle activity was high and showed statistically significant values in the left splenius capitis (p<.001), left trapezius muscle (p<.05), and right erector spinae muscle (p<.001). Therefore, our results suggest that developing higher helmets will reduce the stress of neck and back and musculoskeletal fatigue.

Improvements/Applications: Therefore, our results suggest that developing higher helmets will reduce the stress of neck and back and musculoskeletal fatigue.


Keywords

Musculoskeletal Symptoms, Ambulance Workers, Helmets, Fatigue, Stress of Neck and Back.
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  • Analysis of Muscle Activity of Ambulance Workers Carrying a Patient on a Stretcher with or without Helmets

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Authors

Ga-Ram Choi
Republic of Korea Air Force Academy, Sangdang-guNamil-myeon 335-1 Cheongju, Chungbuk, 28187, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Byung-Jun Cho
Dept. Emergency Medical Technology, Kangwon National University, Joongang-roSamcheok-siGangwon-do, 25913, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Yong-Taek Han
Korea Fire Institute 331 Jisamro, Giheung-gu, Yongin-si, Gyeonggi-do, 17088, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Seung-Yong Kim
Dept. of Management Information System, Korea National University of Transportation, 50 Daehak-ro, Chungju-si, Chungbuk,27469, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Gyoung-Yong Kim
Yangpeong Fire Station, Kyungkang-ro 2047 Yangpeong–eupYangpeong–gun Kyungkido, 12547, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of
Dong-Min Shin
Dept. Emergency Medical Technology, Korea National University of Transportation, 50 Daehak-ro, Chungju-si, Chungbuk,27469, Korea, Democratic People's Republic of

Abstract


Background/Objectives: The purpose of the study was to reduce musculoskeletal symptoms. Ambulance workers with helmets performed lifting and lowering a stretcher.

Methods/Statistical analysis: At this time, we compared the muscle activity of upper body muscles. With the collected data, descriptive statistics were conducted for each part and situation. We used an analysis method to verify the difference before and after wearing helmets.

Findings: The results of upper body muscle activity were calculated. When workers were wearing a helmet and lowering a stretcher, the muscle activity was high and showed statistically significant values in the right sternocleidomastoid muscle (p<.005), right splenius capitis (p<.001), left splenius capitis (p<.05), right trapezius muscle (p<.05), and left erector spinae muscle (p<.005). When workers were wearing helmets and lifting the stretcher, the muscle activity was high and showed statistically significant values in the left splenius capitis (p<.001), left trapezius muscle (p<.05), and right erector spinae muscle (p<.001). Therefore, our results suggest that developing higher helmets will reduce the stress of neck and back and musculoskeletal fatigue.

Improvements/Applications: Therefore, our results suggest that developing higher helmets will reduce the stress of neck and back and musculoskeletal fatigue.


Keywords


Musculoskeletal Symptoms, Ambulance Workers, Helmets, Fatigue, Stress of Neck and Back.

References