Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Effectiveness of Balance Exercise Circuit (BEC) on Improving Gait Parameters and Functional Performance in Older Adults.
Introduction: As age progresses, the degree of body sway increases even in simple postural forms, such as an upright posture, causing elderly individuals to sway more than young adults. Changes associated with the aging process, especially those associated with balance, start around the age of 60 years and affect the sensory system (visual, vestibular, and somatosensory) and physical attributes like flexibility, strength, balance, and coordination. These changes also affect reaction time, causing the elderly to develop many balance-related issue. Balance Exercise circuit (BEC) program, a new comprehensive design that includes exercise stations that specifically challenge sensory inputs from mechanoreceptors as well as form the visual and vestibular systems. Exercise stations were also designed to stimulate activities of daily living and potential to improve Gait and functional performance on older adults. This study intends to examine the effects of balance exercise circuit (BEC) improve gait parameters and functional performance in older adults Aim and objectives- This study aims to examine the effects of balance exercise circuit (BEC) improve gait parameters and functional performance in older adults. Methodology-Quasi Experimental study design was used in this study. Total 30 patients were selected. Pre-test and post test values were measured by using Time up and Go test (TUG) and Gait Parameters (cadence, stride length, step length) as outcome measure and were given Balance exercise circuit(BEC) for 40 minute 2 weeks and 5 days per week. Results-The collected data was tabulated and analyzed using paired t test were used. Paired t-test was used to analyze significant changes between pre-test and post-test measurements in the group. There was a significant difference between the pre test and post test measurements p value was P<0.0001. Conclusion-From this study it is concluded that the Balance exercise circuit (BEC) exercises in older adults improved gait parameters and functional performance.
Time Up and Go Test, Gait Parameters (Cadence, Stride Length, Step Length), Balance Exercise Circuit (BEC), Older Adults, Gait and Functional Performance.
- Majumi M. Noohu, MP Tha, Aparajit B. Dey, MD, Mohammed E. Hussain, PhD. Relevance of balance measurement tools and balance training for fall prevention in older adults. Journal of Clinical Gerontology and Geriatrics5. 2014;31e35.
- Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Fabiana Texeira de Carvalho et al. Effects of two exercise protocols on postural balance of elderly women: a randomized controlled trial. Mesquita et al. BMC Geriatrics. 2015; 15:61DOI 10.1186/s12877-015-0059-3.
- Brooke Salzman, MD, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Gait and Balance Disorders in Older Adults. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(1):61-68.
- Bruna Pereira Avelar and Juliana Nunes de Almeida Costa et al. Balance Exercises Circuit improves muscle strength, balance, and functional performance in older women. AGE 2016;38: 14 DOI 10.1007/s11357-016-9872-7.
- Sheelen Larissa, Ruwer Ruwer, Angela Garcia Rossi, Larissa Fortunato Simon. Balance in the elderly. Rev Bras Otorrinolaringol. May/ June 2005; V.71, n.3, 298-303.
- Susan B O’Sullivan, Thomas J Schmitz. Physical Rehabilitation. 5th Edition; 258-259.
- Francois Prince, Helene Corriveau, Rejean Hebert, Dvaid A. Winter. Gait in the elderly. Gait and posture 5.1997; 128-135.
- Pamela K. Levangie, Cynthia C. Nor kin. Joint Structure and function.4th edition; 516- 519.
- Stephen R. Lord, David G. Lloyd, Meredith Nirui, Jacqueline et al. The Effect of Exercise on Gait Patterns in Older Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Gerontology. Medical Sciences. 1996; Vol. 51A, No. 2, M64-M70.
- Claude P. Hobeika, MD. Equilibrium and Balance in the Elderly. ENT –ear, nose and throat journal August. 1996; volume 78, number 8.
- Wei-Li Hsu and Li-Shan Chou and Marjorie Woollacott. Age-related changes in joint coordination during balance recovery. AGE2013;35:1299–1309DOI 10.1007/s11357-012-9422-x.
- Alfieri FM, Riberto M, Gatz LS et al. Functional mobility and Balance in community dwelling elderly submitted to multisensory versus strength exercises. Clin Interv Aging. 2010;5:181-185.
- Sherrington C, Tiedemann A, Fair hall N, Close JC. Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an updated meta- analysis and best practice recommendations: N S W public Health Bull. 2011; 22(3-4):78-83.
- Steffen TH. Age and gender related test performance in community dwelling elderly people. Timed up and Go test and gait speeds. Phys Ther. 2002: 82(2):128-137.
- Orr R, Raymond J, Fiatarone Singh M. Efficacy of progressive resistance training on balance performance in older adults: a systemic review of randomised control trials. Sports med. 2008; 38(4):317-343.
- Pizzigali L, Filippini A, Ahmaidi S, Jullien H, Rainoldi A. Prevention of falling risk in elderly people. The relevance of muscular strength and symmetry of lower limbs in postural stability. J Strength Cond Res. 2011; 25(2):567-574.
- Kuptniratsaikul V, Praditsuwan R, Assantachai P. Effectiveness of simple balancing training program in elderly patients with history of frequent falls. clinical intervention in Aging 6. 2011;111-117.
- Howe TE, Rochester L, Neil F, Skelton DA, Ballinger C. Exercise for improving balance in older people. Cochrance database syst Rev. 2011; CD004963.
- Gine – Garriga M, Guerra M, Pages E. The effects of Functional circuit training on physical frailty in frail older adults: a randomised controlled trial. J Aging Phys Act. 2010; 18(4):401-424.
- Farinatti PG. Effects of different resistance training frequencies on the muscle strength and functional performance of active women over 60 years old. Journal of strength and conditioning Research 2013; 27(8):2225-2234.
- Bird M, KD H, Ball M, Hetherington S, AD W. The long term benefits of a multi component exercise intervention to balance and mobility in healthy older adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2011; 52(2):211-216.
- Barak Y, Wagenaar RC, Holt KG. Gait characteristics of elderly people with a history of falls. A dynamic approach. phys Ther. 2006; 86: 1501-1510.
- Paterson K, Hill K, Lynthgo N. Stride dynamics, gait variability and prospective falls risk in active community dwelling older women. Gait Posture. 2011;33:251-255.
Abstract Views: 4
PDF Views: 0