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Morphine Suppository Versus Indomethacin Suppository in the Management of Renal Colic: Randomized Clinical Trial


Affiliations
1 Department of Emergency Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
2 Emergency Medicine Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
3 Department of Community Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
4 Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Ziaeian Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
5 Endocrine Research Center, Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
 

Background: Renal colic is a medical emergency due to the rapid onset and devastating nature of its pain. Opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are both used as first-line choices in its management. Aim: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of opioids and NSAIDs in the management of acute renal colic. Methods: One hundred and fifty-eight patients were divided into two groups (n = 79) and received either 10mg morphine or 100mg indomethacin suppositories. The severity of pain was measured using verbal numeric rating scale at baseline and 20, 40, 60, and 90 minutes after the administration of analgesics. Drug side effects as well as patients' vital signs were also recorded. Results: The mean decrease in the pain score during the first 20 minutes was significantly higher among those who received morphine suppository. However, no significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the mean decrease in pain score during the first 40, 60, and 90 minutes after the admission. Prevalence of drug side effects or changes in the vital signs was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions: Morphine suppositories seem to be more efficient in achieving rapid pain relief comparing to indomethacin.
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  • Morphine Suppository Versus Indomethacin Suppository in the Management of Renal Colic: Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Views: 80  |  PDF Views: 3

Authors

Forough Zamanian
Department of Emergency Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mohammad Jalili
Emergency Medicine Department, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Maziar Moradi-Lakeh
Department of Community Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Maryam Kia
Department of Internal Medicine, Dr. Ziaeian Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Rokhsareh Aghili
Endocrine Research Center, Institute of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Seyed Mojtaba Aghili
Department of Emergency Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract


Background: Renal colic is a medical emergency due to the rapid onset and devastating nature of its pain. Opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are both used as first-line choices in its management. Aim: This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of opioids and NSAIDs in the management of acute renal colic. Methods: One hundred and fifty-eight patients were divided into two groups (n = 79) and received either 10mg morphine or 100mg indomethacin suppositories. The severity of pain was measured using verbal numeric rating scale at baseline and 20, 40, 60, and 90 minutes after the administration of analgesics. Drug side effects as well as patients' vital signs were also recorded. Results: The mean decrease in the pain score during the first 20 minutes was significantly higher among those who received morphine suppository. However, no significant difference was observed between the two groups regarding the mean decrease in pain score during the first 40, 60, and 90 minutes after the admission. Prevalence of drug side effects or changes in the vital signs was not significantly different between the two groups. Conclusions: Morphine suppositories seem to be more efficient in achieving rapid pain relief comparing to indomethacin.