Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Personality Traits and Organisational Commitment of Gen X and Gen Y Employees
Today, workplaces have people of different generations working together. It becomes necessary that organisations practices should not be driven by need of one generation more than the other. This needs understanding of whether different generations working together in organisation have different personality traits. The aim of this research is to investigate whether differences in personality and organisational commitment exist in generation X &Y employees in private sectors organisation. The research design includes using the 16 Personality Factor Questionnaires by Cattell (1943) and the Organisational Commitment Questionnaire by Allen and Meyer (1990). The method includes examining cross-sectional differences in personality and organisational commitment with respect to generation X&Y. The results revealed there was significant difference in personality and organisational commitment between Gen X and Gen Y. Result also depicted that personality traits affect organisational commitment of Gen X employees, but personality traits do not affect organisational commitment of Gen Y employees. In case of Gen Y employees, organisational factors are more important to enhance organisational commitment such as working environment, culture, reward system, career growth among others. Managers and HR professionals may find the study useful to construct HR practices which can help in improving organisational commitment of employees.
Personality, Organisational Commitment, Generation X & Y.
- Agrawal, S. (2011). Employee engagement: Tool for deriving performance in generation Y. FIIB Business Review, July-December.
- Allen, N. J., & Meyer, J. P. (1990). The measurement and antecedents of affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organisation. Journal of occupational psychology, 63(1), 1-18.
- Avery, R. D., Bouchard, T. J., Segal, N. L., & Abraham, L. M. (1989). Job satisfaction: Environmental and genetic components. Journal of Applied Psychology, 74(2), 187-192.
- Barrick, M. R., Stewart, G. L., & Piotrowski, M. (2002). Personality and job performance: test of the mediating effects of motivation among sales representatives. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(1), 43-51.
- Burke, R. J. (1994). Generation-X: Measures, sex and age differences. Psychological Reports, 74(2), 555-663.
- Cattell, R. B. (1943). The description of personality: basic traits resolved into clusters. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 38(4), 476.
- Cattell, R. B. (1957). Personality and motivation structure and measurement. New York: World Book.
- Cattell, R. B. (1973). Personality and mood by questionnaire. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
- Cattell, R. B. (1978). The scientific use of factor analysis in behavioral and life sciences. NewYork: Plenum.
- Cennamo, L., & Gardner, D. (2008). Generational differences in work values, outcomes and person-organisation values fit. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(8), 891-900.
- Crampton, S. M., & Hodge, J. W. (2011). Generation Y: Unchartered territory. Journal of Business & Economics Research (JBER), 7(4), 1-6.
- D’Amato, A., & Herzfeldt, R. (2008). Learning orientation, organizational commitment and talent retention across generations: A study of European managers. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(8), 929-953.
- Eisner, S. P. (2005). Managing Generation Y. SAM Advanced Management Journal, 70(4), 4-15.
- Farr-Wharton, R., Brunetto, Y., & Shacklock, K. (2012). The impact of intuition and supervisor-nurse relationships on empowerment and affective commitment by generation. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(6), 1391-1401. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05852.x
- Ferres, N., Travaglione, A., & Firns, I. (2003). Attitudinal differences between generation X and older employees. International Journal of Organisational Behaviour, 6(3), 320-333.
- Gangai, K. N., & Agrawal, R. (2015). Job satisfaction and organizational commitment: is it important for employee performance. Int. J. Manag. Bus. Res., 5(4), 269–278.
- Hart, K. A. (2006). Generations in the workplace: Finding common ground. Retrieved from www.mlo-online.com (accessed 14 October, 2015).
- Hays, S. (1999). Gen X and the art of the reward. Workforce, 78, 44-47.
- Houlihan, A. (2007). The new melting pot: How to effectively lead different generations in the workplace. Supervision, 68(9), 10-12.
- Howe, N., Strauss, W., & Matson, R. J. (2000). Millennials rising: The next great generation. Vintage Books, New York, NY.
- Huntley, R. (2006). The world according to Y: Inside the new adult generation. Allen & Unwin, Sydney.
- Jurkiewicz, C. E. (2000). Gen X and the public employee. Public Personnel Management, 29, 55-74.
- Kupperschmidt, B. R. (2000). Multigeneration employees: Strategies for effective management. The Health Care Manager, 19(1), 65-76.
- Lub, X., Nije Bijvank, M., Matthijs Bal, P., Blomme, R., & Schalk, R. (2012). Different or alike? Exploring the psychological contract and commitment of different generations of hospitality workers. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 24(4), 553-573.
- Mahakud, G. C., & Gangai, K. N. (2015). The influence of workplace spirituality on organisational commitment among public sector employees. Journal of Organisation & Human Behaviour, 4(1), 37-41.
- Mathieu, J. E., & Hamel, D. (1989). A cause model of the antecedents of organizational commitment among professionals and non-professionals. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 34(3), 299-317.
- McCrindle, M., & Hooper, D. (2006). Gen Y: Attracting, engaging and leading a new generation at work. White paper. University of Tasmania, Hobart.
- McGuinnes, S. V. (2000). The effect of generation group identification on organisational commitment: A study of Baby Boomers and Generation X’, unpublished dissertation manuscript, Dissertion Abstracts International, 60, 11A.
- McShane, S., & Von Glinow, M. A. (2000). Organisational behaviour: Emerging realities for the workplace revolution. Irwin/McGraw-Hill, Boston.
- Meyer, J., & Allen, N. (1991). A three-component conceptualization of organizational commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 1, 61-89.
- Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Smith, C. A. (1993). Commitment to organizations and occupations: Extension and test of a three-component conceptualization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78(4), 538-551.
- Mowday, R., Porter, L., & Steers, R (1982). Employee-organisation linkages: The psychology of commitment, absenteeism, and turnover. Academic Press, New York.
- Rhodes, S. R. (1983). Age-related differences in work attitudes and behaviours: A review and conceptual analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 93(2), 328-367.
- Saville, P., & Holdsworth, J. (1984). Occupational personality questionnaire manual. Escher, Surrey, England: Saville and Holdsworth.
- Smola, K. W., & Sutton, C. D. (2002). Generational differences: Revisiting generational work values for the new millennium. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 23(1), 363-82.
- Swoboda, F. (1999). Upward mobility outranks job security in survey of young workers. The Washington Post, p. A9.
- Tett, R. P., & Burnett, D. D. (2003). A personality trait-based interactionist model of job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88(3), 500-517.
- Tulgan, B., & Martin, C. A. (2001). Managing Generation Y-part 2. Business Week Online. Retrieved from www.businessweek.com/smallbiz/content/oct2001/sb2001105_229.htm, (retrieved on 10 October, 2015).
- Wall, J. H., & Ajiala, A. (2004). It’s 2008: Do you know where your talent is? Deloitte Research. Deloitte Development LLC, Boca Raton, FL.
- Wong, M., Gardiner, E., Lang, W., & Coulon, L. (2008). Generational differences in personality and motivation: Do they exist and what are the implications for the workplace? Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23(8), 878–890.
- Yu, H. C., & Miller, P. (2003). The generation gap and cultural influence - A Taiwan empirical investigation. Cross Cultural Management, 10(3), 23-41.
- Zemke, R., Raines, C., & Filipczak, B. (2000). Generations at work: Managing the clash of veterans, boomers, xers and nexters in your workplace (2nd ed.). Amacom, New York, NY.
Abstract Views: 319
PDF Views: 9