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Watershed and Small Entrepreneurship Development: a Case of Kadwanchi Village of Jalana District of Maharashtra, India.


Affiliations
1 Dept. of Environment Science, Dr.BAMU,Aurangabad Maharashtra.
2 Dept. of Environment Science, Dr.BAMU,Aurangabad-Maharashtra.
3 MSSM Jalana, Maharashtra.
     

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Kadwanchi watershed is situated between latitude 19°53´ N and longitude 76°00´ E of GP 33 watershed of Godavari Watershed in Maharashtra,India. Kadwanchi watershed consists of three villages namely Kadwanchi, Waghrul and Nandapur with area 1607.64, 28.40 and 252.03 hectares respectively. Marathwada Sheti Sahayya Mandal, A non-Government Voluntary Organization initiated extension activities from 1993 in small village Kadwanchi. Under Indo-German Watershed Development Program (IGWDP), the watershed activities have been carried out. Change in land use is spelled by increase in area under cultivation to 111%, seasonally irrigated two crops to 897 ha, perennial irrigation to 190%, vegetables 240%, decrease in fallow lands by 58%, increase in use of farm implements and 294 micro-irrigation sets are in use Two fold increase in crossbred cows and three-fold decrease in indigenous cows is observed due to increase in fodder availability by 1.5 times. Agriculture has shown a new avenue of small entrepreneurships like dairy industry, small processing units in the village which further spelt out employment to the village personnel's. The crop yield for pearl millet & grams is increased by 150% while area under cotton & wheat is increased from 199 to 347 and 28 to 99 hectare respectively. Area under horticulture is increased from 3 hectare to 198 hectare. As per Ground water Survey and Development Agency report 2007-08 the Kadwanchi is falls in the GP 33 watershed. This watershed fall in Semi-critical category, but Kadwanchi adjoining area 1888.7 of 9238 ha area GP 33 Watershed highly escaped from the water-scarcity, aptly called oasis of the desert.
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  • Watershed and Small Entrepreneurship Development: a Case of Kadwanchi Village of Jalana District of Maharashtra, India.

Abstract Views: 183  |  PDF Views: 4

Authors

Chandrashekhar B. Pawar
Dept. of Environment Science, Dr.BAMU,Aurangabad Maharashtra.
Satish Patil
Dept. of Environment Science, Dr.BAMU,Aurangabad-Maharashtra.
Pandit Wasare
MSSM Jalana, Maharashtra.

Abstract


Kadwanchi watershed is situated between latitude 19°53´ N and longitude 76°00´ E of GP 33 watershed of Godavari Watershed in Maharashtra,India. Kadwanchi watershed consists of three villages namely Kadwanchi, Waghrul and Nandapur with area 1607.64, 28.40 and 252.03 hectares respectively. Marathwada Sheti Sahayya Mandal, A non-Government Voluntary Organization initiated extension activities from 1993 in small village Kadwanchi. Under Indo-German Watershed Development Program (IGWDP), the watershed activities have been carried out. Change in land use is spelled by increase in area under cultivation to 111%, seasonally irrigated two crops to 897 ha, perennial irrigation to 190%, vegetables 240%, decrease in fallow lands by 58%, increase in use of farm implements and 294 micro-irrigation sets are in use Two fold increase in crossbred cows and three-fold decrease in indigenous cows is observed due to increase in fodder availability by 1.5 times. Agriculture has shown a new avenue of small entrepreneurships like dairy industry, small processing units in the village which further spelt out employment to the village personnel's. The crop yield for pearl millet & grams is increased by 150% while area under cotton & wheat is increased from 199 to 347 and 28 to 99 hectare respectively. Area under horticulture is increased from 3 hectare to 198 hectare. As per Ground water Survey and Development Agency report 2007-08 the Kadwanchi is falls in the GP 33 watershed. This watershed fall in Semi-critical category, but Kadwanchi adjoining area 1888.7 of 9238 ha area GP 33 Watershed highly escaped from the water-scarcity, aptly called oasis of the desert.

References