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Determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake among Women in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria: A Community-Based Study


Affiliations
1 Department of Community Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, P.O. BOX 15, Ogbomoso 210251, Oyo State, Nigeria
2 Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife 220001, Osun State, Nigeria
3 Department of Community Health, Ondo State Specialist Hospital, PMB 603, Ondo State, Nigeria
4 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, P.O. BOX 15, Ogbomoso 210251, Nigeria
 

Introduction: Cancer of the cervix is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in developing countries. Screening is one of the most cost effective control strategies for the disease. This study assessed the determinants of cervical cancer screening uptake among Nigerian women. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage sampling technique among 338 participants in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria. A pretested questionnaire was used for data collection and data analysis was done using SPSS version 21. Chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis while binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Statistical significance was set at 𝑝 < 0.05. Results: Only 8.0% of the respondents had ever been screened for cancer of the cervix. The proportion of women who had ever been screened was significantly higher among those who demonstrated positive attitude to screening (81.5%, 𝑝 = 0.001), respondents who were aware of the disease (100.0%, 𝑝 = 0.001), and those who were aware of cervical cancer screening (88.9%, 𝑝 = 0.001). Respondents who had negative attitude had 63% lesser odds of being screened compared to those who had positive attitudes towards screening (AOR; 0.37, 95% CI; 0.01–0.28). Conclusion: There is urgent need to improve the knowledge base and attitude of Nigerian women to enhance cervical cancer screening uptake among them.
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  • Determinants of Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake among Women in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria: A Community-Based Study

Abstract Views: 74  |  PDF Views: 3

Authors

Ajibola Idowu
Department of Community Medicine, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, P.O. BOX 15, Ogbomoso 210251, Oyo State, Nigeria
Samuel Anu Olowookere
Department of Community Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife 220001, Osun State, Nigeria
Aderonke Tolulope Fagbemi
Department of Community Health, Ondo State Specialist Hospital, PMB 603, Ondo State, Nigeria
Olumuyiwa Ayotunde Ogunlaja
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Bowen University Teaching Hospital, P.O. BOX 15, Ogbomoso 210251, Nigeria

Abstract


Introduction: Cancer of the cervix is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women in developing countries. Screening is one of the most cost effective control strategies for the disease. This study assessed the determinants of cervical cancer screening uptake among Nigerian women. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted using multistage sampling technique among 338 participants in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria. A pretested questionnaire was used for data collection and data analysis was done using SPSS version 21. Chi-square test was used for bivariate analysis while binary logistic regression was used for multivariate analysis. Statistical significance was set at 𝑝 < 0.05. Results: Only 8.0% of the respondents had ever been screened for cancer of the cervix. The proportion of women who had ever been screened was significantly higher among those who demonstrated positive attitude to screening (81.5%, 𝑝 = 0.001), respondents who were aware of the disease (100.0%, 𝑝 = 0.001), and those who were aware of cervical cancer screening (88.9%, 𝑝 = 0.001). Respondents who had negative attitude had 63% lesser odds of being screened compared to those who had positive attitudes towards screening (AOR; 0.37, 95% CI; 0.01–0.28). Conclusion: There is urgent need to improve the knowledge base and attitude of Nigerian women to enhance cervical cancer screening uptake among them.