Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Sensory Nerve Conduction Velocity in Normal Children Below Five Years of Age


Affiliations
1 Department of Physiology, GS Medical College and Hospital, Pilkhuwa, Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medial College and Hospital, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Paediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medial College and Hospital, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Background: Peripheral nervous system development begins in prenatal period and continues after birth up to 5 years of age. As a result, Sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) varies during first five years of life of children.

Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study is evaluation of the SNCV of median, ulnar and sural nerve during the first five years of life.

Material and Method: SNCV of median, ulnar and sural nerves was measured antidromically in 104 normal under-five children. Statistical analysis of the results was done using SPSS 17.0 software.

Results: There was a progressive increase in SNCV of median, ulnar and sural nerves with age. SNCV of all three nerves showed significant positive correlation with age factor.

Conclusion: There is significant increase in SNCV of median, ulnar, and sural nerves with age in under-five children. Therefore, age-specific reference values of SNCV for the different nerves in children below 5 years of age are important to evaluate nerve injury or maturational deficit.


Keywords

Sensory Nerve Conduction Velocity (SNCV), Children, Peripheral Nervous System.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Morgane PJ, Austin-LaFrance R, Bronzino J, et al. Prenatal malnutrition and development of the brain. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 1993;17(1):91-128.
  • Gamble HJ, Breathnach AS. An electron-microscope study of human foetal peripheral nerves. J Anat 1965;99(Pt 3):573-84.
  • Cottrell L. Histologic variations with age in apparently normal peripheral nerve trunks. Arch Neurol 1940;43(6):1138-50.
  • Rexed B. Contribution to knowledge of postnatal development of peripheral nervous system in man: study of bases and scope of systematic investigations into fibre size in peripheral nerves. Acta Psychiatry Neurol Scand Suppl 1944;33:1206
  • Thomas JE, Lambert EH. Ulnar nerve conduction velocity and H-reflex in infants and children. J Appl Physiol 1960;15:1-9.
  • Ja Cho, Kyoung. (1987). Motor Nerve Conduction Velocity in Newborn Infants and Children. Yonsei medical journal. 28. 172-5. 10.3349/ymj.1987.28.3.172
  • Guchhait B, GuptaS, Sau AK, Sen S. “Evaluation of Motor NCS Parameters between Upper and Lower Limbs and Their Pattern of Maturation in Infants and Children.” IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences (IOSR-JDMS), vol. 18, no. 1, 2019, pp 52-57
  • Misra UK, Kalita J. Principles of nerve conduction velocity. In: Clinical neurophysiology. 3rd edn. New Delhi: Elsevier India 2014:21-9.
  • Gamstorp I, Shelburne SA : Peripheral sensory conduction in ulnar and median nerves of normal infants, children and adolescents, Acta Pediat Scand 1965; 54 : 309 – 313.
  • García, A & Calleja, Jesús & M Antolín, F & Berciano, José. (2000). Peripheral motor and sensory nerve conduction studies in normal infants and children. Clinical neurophysiology: official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology. 111. 513-20. 10.1016/S1388-2457(99)00279-5.
  • Guchhait B, Sen S, Ganguly G, Sinha M: Peripheral Motor and Sensory nerve conduction studies in normal infants and children in Eastern India, Journal of Dental and Medical sciences,2014(Aug);13(8):26-32
  • Barrett KE, Barman SM, Boitano S, et al. Excitable tissue: nerve. In: Ganong’s review of medical physiology. 25th edn. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill 2016:85-98.
  • Quarles RH, Macklin WB, Morell P. Myelin formation, structure and biochemistry. Elsevier Publishing 1999: P. 67-8.
  • Webster HF, Favilla JT. Development of peripheral nerve fibers. In: Dyck PJ, Thomas PK, Lambert EH, Bunge R, editors. Peripheral neuropathy, vol. 1, 2nd ed. Philadephia: WB Saunders 1984; 329-359.
  • Vizoso, A.D. & Z YOUNG, J. (1948). Internode length and fibre diameter in developing and regenerating nerves. Journal of anatomy 1948; 82: 110-34.

Abstract Views: 52

PDF Views: 0




  • Sensory Nerve Conduction Velocity in Normal Children Below Five Years of Age

Abstract Views: 52  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Md. Zabihullah
Department of Physiology, GS Medical College and Hospital, Pilkhuwa, Hapur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Dhirendra Kumar Agrawal
Department of Physiology, Jawaharlal Nehru Medial College and Hospital, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
Tabassum Shahab
Department of Paediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medial College and Hospital, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract


Background: Peripheral nervous system development begins in prenatal period and continues after birth up to 5 years of age. As a result, Sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) varies during first five years of life of children.

Aims and Objectives: The purpose of this study is evaluation of the SNCV of median, ulnar and sural nerve during the first five years of life.

Material and Method: SNCV of median, ulnar and sural nerves was measured antidromically in 104 normal under-five children. Statistical analysis of the results was done using SPSS 17.0 software.

Results: There was a progressive increase in SNCV of median, ulnar and sural nerves with age. SNCV of all three nerves showed significant positive correlation with age factor.

Conclusion: There is significant increase in SNCV of median, ulnar, and sural nerves with age in under-five children. Therefore, age-specific reference values of SNCV for the different nerves in children below 5 years of age are important to evaluate nerve injury or maturational deficit.


Keywords


Sensory Nerve Conduction Velocity (SNCV), Children, Peripheral Nervous System.

References