A Study on the Impact of Exercise on Diabetic and Hypertensive Status of the Patients
Introduction and Aim: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus and essential hypertension are common non communicable disorders that are frequently present together. Hypertension in the type 2 diabetic individual increases the risk and accelerates the course of cardiac disease, peripheral vascular disease, stroke, retinopathy and nephropathy. The hallmark of hypertension in type 1 and type 2 diabetics appears to be increased peripheral vascular resistance. Carbohydrate food intake has a direct effect on postprandial glucose levels in people with diabetes and it is the principal macronutrient of concern in diabetics for glycemic management1. In addition, an individual’s food choices and energy balance have an effect on body weight, blood pressure and lipid levels directly. To study the importance of influence of exercise on diabetics and hypertensive patients attending medicine Out Patient Department, KR Hospital.
Materials and Method: All the patients attending the medicine OPD of KR Hospital, Mysoreor 3 months, 210 patients having both hypertension and diabetes were selected cross sectionally, including both males and females of age group 35-50 years. They were categorized as regularly doing exercise and not doing exercise group. All of patients were screened for diabetic and hypertension by checking fasting blood glucose, post prandial blood glucose and blood pressure, exercise and body mass index were also compared.
Results: The study found that, the status of known cases, of type 2 diabetic mellitus and hypertension, who were regularly doing exercise showed statistically significant controlled levelscompared to those who were not doing exercise.
Conclusion: The study found that known cases of type 2 diabetic mellitus and hypertension are benefitted by regularly doing exercise when compared with not doing exercise.
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