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Father Education: The Effects on Temperament of Twins in Bagar Zone


Affiliations
1 Department of Human Development and Family Studies (HDFS), CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana, India
2 SNIATTE, CCS HAU, Hisar, India
     

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Father's level of education is the strongest factor determining a child's future success at school, creating a selfreinforcing cycle of poverty and lack of achievement passed down from parents to children. The present study was conducted in four districts namely; Hisar Fatehabad, Rohtak and Jind of Haryana state with the purpose of availability of maximum numbers of twins in the required age group of 4 -10 years identified under UGC project of the department. A sample of 296 pairs of twins in the age group of 6 10 years will be taken. The dimensions of temperament will be assessed individually. A variable is the set of value that forms a classification. A value is anything which can be predicted. There were two types of variables in the study i.e. independent and dependent variable. Temperament was taken as dependent and father education was taken as independent variable. The Malhotra Temperament Schedule (MTS) developed by Malhotra and Malhotra (1988) was used to assess child's temperament. Result revealed that there was no association of father's education with all the variables of temperament in Bagar zone, i.e., sociability (𝒳2=0.34), emotionality (𝒳2=4.84), energy (𝒳2=1.51), rhythmicity (𝒳2=4.45), distractibility (𝒳2=1.40) and total temperament (𝒳2=1.42) of twins.

Keywords

Temperament, Father Education, Personality Traits, Twins, Behaviour, Children, Emotions, Development.
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  • Father Education: The Effects on Temperament of Twins in Bagar Zone

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Authors

Reetu Devi
Department of Human Development and Family Studies (HDFS), CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana, India
Bimla Dhanda
Department of Human Development and Family Studies (HDFS), CCS HAU, Hisar, Haryana, India
Vijay Kumar
SNIATTE, CCS HAU, Hisar, India

Abstract


Father's level of education is the strongest factor determining a child's future success at school, creating a selfreinforcing cycle of poverty and lack of achievement passed down from parents to children. The present study was conducted in four districts namely; Hisar Fatehabad, Rohtak and Jind of Haryana state with the purpose of availability of maximum numbers of twins in the required age group of 4 -10 years identified under UGC project of the department. A sample of 296 pairs of twins in the age group of 6 10 years will be taken. The dimensions of temperament will be assessed individually. A variable is the set of value that forms a classification. A value is anything which can be predicted. There were two types of variables in the study i.e. independent and dependent variable. Temperament was taken as dependent and father education was taken as independent variable. The Malhotra Temperament Schedule (MTS) developed by Malhotra and Malhotra (1988) was used to assess child's temperament. Result revealed that there was no association of father's education with all the variables of temperament in Bagar zone, i.e., sociability (𝒳2=0.34), emotionality (𝒳2=4.84), energy (𝒳2=1.51), rhythmicity (𝒳2=4.45), distractibility (𝒳2=1.40) and total temperament (𝒳2=1.42) of twins.

Keywords


Temperament, Father Education, Personality Traits, Twins, Behaviour, Children, Emotions, Development.

References