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Identification of Peptides from Sinus Gland Extracts in the Red Swamp Crayfish Procambarus clarkii by Mass Spectrometry


Affiliations
1 Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuxi 214081, China
2 Wuxi Fishery College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, China
     

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Crustacean sinus gland (SG) is a well-defined neuroendocrine organ that controls the secretion of various neuropeptides which regulate many physiological activities. The red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii is a decapod crustacean with both high economic and scientific importance in China. To facilitate physiological investigations of SG peptide/hormone function in this species, we have been employed tissue extract fractionation by HPLC to obtain a complete description of neuropeptidome and used Electrospray ionization-Fourier transform mass spectrometry (ESI-FTMS) to detect the peptidome present in its organ. In total, 48 peptide sequences belonging to several known neuropeptide families including crustacean cardioactive peptide, CHH precursor-related peptides (CPRPs), orcokinins and pigment dispersing hormones were identified. Among these 48 sequences, 26 are novel peptides and 22 are previously identified. Overall, the results give a stimulus for future physiological studies of SG neuropeptides in P. clarkii and other crustaceans.

Keywords

Electrospray Ionization-Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (ESI-FTMS), Neuropeptides, Procambarus clarkia, Sinus Gland (SG).
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  • Identification of Peptides from Sinus Gland Extracts in the Red Swamp Crayfish Procambarus clarkii by Mass Spectrometry

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Authors

Yan Shui
Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuxi 214081, China
Zeng-Hong Xu
Key Laboratory of Freshwater Fisheries and Germplasm Resources Utilization, Ministry of Agriculture, Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Wuxi 214081, China
Xin Zhou
Wuxi Fishery College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi 214081, China

Abstract


Crustacean sinus gland (SG) is a well-defined neuroendocrine organ that controls the secretion of various neuropeptides which regulate many physiological activities. The red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii is a decapod crustacean with both high economic and scientific importance in China. To facilitate physiological investigations of SG peptide/hormone function in this species, we have been employed tissue extract fractionation by HPLC to obtain a complete description of neuropeptidome and used Electrospray ionization-Fourier transform mass spectrometry (ESI-FTMS) to detect the peptidome present in its organ. In total, 48 peptide sequences belonging to several known neuropeptide families including crustacean cardioactive peptide, CHH precursor-related peptides (CPRPs), orcokinins and pigment dispersing hormones were identified. Among these 48 sequences, 26 are novel peptides and 22 are previously identified. Overall, the results give a stimulus for future physiological studies of SG neuropeptides in P. clarkii and other crustaceans.

Keywords


Electrospray Ionization-Fourier Transform Mass Spectrometry (ESI-FTMS), Neuropeptides, Procambarus clarkia, Sinus Gland (SG).