Effect of Cavitation Versus Abdominal Exercise Programs on Abdominal Obese Subjects
Background: The independent effects of cavitation versus abdominal exercise on abdominal obese subjects and other related comorbid conditions are not known.
Objective: To investigate the effect of cavitation versus abdominal exercise programs on abdominal obese subjects.
Design: Randomized, controlled trial.
Setting: Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University
Participants: 45 obese subjects of both sexes (16M-29F) P value (0.05) ranged in age from twenty five to fifty years participated in this study were be categorized into 3 groups of equal number (each group 15 subjects) randomly selected from population
Intervention: Participants were randomly assigned to one of three study groups (cavitation and diet group, abdominal exercise and diet group, and control diet group ) and were observed for 6 weeks. Measurements: Weight and height scale(change in weight) ,tape measurement (waist hip ratio)
Results: The Body weight significantly decrease post U.S cavitation and diet with a percentage of 7.02%, post abdominal exercises and diet with a percentage of 5.41% and post diet with a percentage of 4.55%, BMI showed also significant reduction with a percentage of 7.11%,5.44% and4.58% on all groups respectively, In addition, there was a significant reduction of waist circumference with a percentage of 8.92%,4.73% and1.67% on all groups respectively. Furthermore, hip circumference reduced significantly with a percentage of 2.81%,1.53% and1.16% on all groups respectively. Finally, there was a significant reduction of waist hip ratio with a percentage of 6.38%,3.15% and 0.42% on all groups respectively
Conclusions: There were no significant difference among the three groups in body weight ,BMI and hip circumference .While there were significant difference among the three groups in waist circumference and waist hip ratio.
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