Effect of Brief Intense TENS and Cryotherapy on the Symptoms Associated with Delayed Onset of Muscle Soreness in Healthy Male Subjects
Design and setting: Three sets of concentric and eccentric action induced delayed onset of the elbow flexors of non dominant hand. Pre exercise measures were recorded for relaxed elbow extension range and perceived muscle pain. Group A received ice treatment for 15 minutes, group B received brief intense TENS (100 Hz, 100 milliseconds, maximum tolerable intensity), Group C received sham TENS treatments after 48 hours of post-exercise.
Subjects: Forty five healthy male subjects
Measurements: Relaxed elbow extension angle and perceived muscle pain was recorded before exercise, before treatment after 48 hours post exercise and after treatment.
Results: Readings were compared for difference using ANOVA it was found that there was statistically significant difference p=0.045 (p
Conclusion: Cryotherapy was effective in reducing the perceived pain in elbow flexors after eccentric bouts
- Smith LL, (1991). Acute inflammation: the underlying mechanism in delayed onset muscle soreness. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 23(5), 543-551.
- Armstrong, R.B. (1984). Mechanisms of exerciseinduced delayed onset muscular soreness: a brief review. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 16(6), 529-538.
- Bobbert, M.F., Hollander A.P. & Huijing P.A. (1986). Factors in delayed onset muscular soreness of man. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 18(1), 75-81.
- Clarkson, P.M., Nosaka, K. & Braun, B. (1992). Muscle function after exercise-induced muscle damage and rapid adaptation. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 24(5), 512-520.
- Clarkson, P.M. & Hubal M.J. (2002). Exerciseinduced muscle damage in humans. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(11), S52-S69.
- Assmussen, E. (1956). Observations on experimental muscle soreness. Acta Rheumatol Scandinavica, 1, 109-116.
- DeVries, H.A. (1961). Prevention of muscular stress after exercise. Research Quarterly, 32, 177.
- Stauber, W.T. (1989). Eccentric action of muscles: physiology, injury and adaptation. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 17, 157-185.
- Abraham, W.M. (1977). Factors in delayed muscle soreness. Medicine and Science in Sports, 9(1), 11-20.
- Jeffrey C David O Draper, Earlene Durrant, (1998) Pulsed ultrasound fails to diminish Delayedonset muscle soreness symptoms; Journal of Athletic Training 33(4): 341-346
- Ciccone D.C, Leggin B.G, Callmaro J.J (1991); Effect of ultrasound and trolamine salicylate phonophoresis on delayed onset muscle soreness. Physical Therapy 71(9), 39-51.
- Denegar, C.R. & Perrin, D.H. (1992). Effect of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, cold, and a combination treatment on pain, decreased range of motion, and strength loss associated with delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal of Athletic Training, 27(3), 200-206.
- Howartson G, Gaze D, Van Someren K.A (2005). The efficiency of ice massage in the treatment of exercise muscle damage. Med Sci Sports and Exercise 15(6), 416-422.
- Clarkson, PM & Sayers, S. (1999). Etiology of exercise-induced muscle damage. Canadian J Appl Physiology, 24: 512-520
- Jane Kennet, Natalic Hardaker, Sarah Hobbs (2007) cooling efficiency of 4 common cry therapy agents. Journal of Athletic Training 42(3) 343-348
- Isabell, W.K., Durrant E., Myrer, W. & Anderson, S. (1992). The effects of ice massage, ice massage with exercise, and exercise on prevention and treatment of delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal of Athletic Training, 27(3), 208-217.
- De Vries HA.(1966) Quantitative electromyographic investigation of the spasm theory of muscle pain.American Journal of Physical Medicine; 45(3):119–34.
- Mattacola, C.G., Perrin, D.H., Gansneder, B.M., Allen, J.D., Mickey, C.A. (1997). A comparison of visual analog and graphic rating scales for assessing pain following delayed onset muscle soreness. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 6:38-46.
Abstract Views: 249
PDF Views: 1