Assessment of Body Coordination, Strength and Agility Using Bruininks- Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2) in Overweight and Obese Children Aged 7-12 Years
Background - Childhood obesity is a major health problem in many developing countries, including India. As a result, overweight and obese children achieve fewer opportunities to develop proficient motor skills. Early assessment should be done to evaluate children having poor coordination problem and early intervention should be given to avoid risk of any neuromotor disturbances later. This study is done to find out the level of motor proficiency in terms of Body coordination, strength and agility in overweight and obese school going children aged 7-12 years using BOT-2 test.
Method: A cross sectional analytical study was conducted using BOT-2 long form. Purposive sampling of 54 overweight and obese children (32 males and 22 females) aged 7-12 years who met the inclusion criteria were taken for the study and assessed under 2 motor area composite of BOT -2. The study was conducted after the ethical clearance obtained by the institutional ethical committee. Each task was explained verbally and demonstrated to each student, to ensure proper understanding of the task.
Results: 54 children were assessed (59.2% males and 40.8% females) and standard score of the BOT -2 test was calculated which signifies the level of proficiency. For Body coordination component mean standard score of 45.07 and for strength and agility component it was 37.79.
Conclusion: This study concludes that according to Descriptive Category of BOT -2 test in Body coordination 33%, in Strength and agility 74% of overweight and obese children aged 7-12 years has motor deficits.
- Davison KK, Birch LL. Childhood overweight: A contextual model and recommendations for future research. Obes Rev. 2001;2:159–71.[PMCID: PMC2530932]
- Eva D Hondt, Deforche. Relationship between Motor Skill and Body Mass Index in 5- to 10-YearOld Children, Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly, 2009, 26, 21-37.
- Jason A. Martin, Jill Ramsay, Christopher Hughes, Derek M. Peters, Martin G. Edwards. Age and grip strength predict hand dexterity in adults. PLOS ONE | DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117598 February 17, 2015 1 / 18.
- Ghosh, Sutanu dutta chowdhury, Ananga Mohan Chandra and Tusharkanti Ghosh.(2012) “A study on the influence of occupation on development of motor activities in children”
- Shmway- cook A.anson D.haller. Postural sway biofeedback “effect on restabilising stance stability in hemiplegic patient”. Phys. Med. Rehabil.1988;69 (6):395-400
- Pooja Yendge, Sanjivani Dhote, Tushar Palekar, et al (2017) Assessment of balance using BOT -2 in age group 5-15 years school going children; Asian pacific journal of health sciences, 2017; 4(1):152-160.
- Chia-Liang Tsai, Sheng K. Wu Chi-Huang Huang “static balance in children in children with developmental coordination disorder”
- Prajakta Karambe, Sanjivani Dhote et al (2017) Assessment of bilateral coordination using Bruininks oseretsky test of motor proficiency, 2nd edition (BOT-2), in 5 to 15 years school going children, Int J Physiotherapy Res 2017;5(3):2026-30.
- Budd GM, Hayman LL. Addressing the childhood obesity crisis. Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2008;33:113–7.
- David Gaul, Johann Issartel (2015), Fine motor skill proficiency in typically developing children: On or off the maturation track? Human Movement Science 46 (2016) 78–85.
- Niederer I, Kriemler S, Zahner L, Burgi F, Ebenegger V, Marques P, Puder JJ: BMI grouprelated differences in physical fitness and physical activity in preschool-age children: a cross-sectional analysis. Res Q Exerc Sport 2012; 83: 12–19.
- Tanja H. Kakebeeke a, b Stefano Lanzi c, Association between Body Composition and Motor Performance in Preschool Children. DOI: 10.1159/000477406, Obes Facts 2017;10:420–431.
- D’Hondt E, Segers V, Deforche B, Shultz SP, Tanghe A, Gentier I, De Bourdeaudhuij I, De Clercq D, Lenoir M: The role of vision in obese and normal-weight children’s gait control. Gait Posture 2011,33.179–184.
- Gill SV, Hung YC: Effects of overweight and obese body mass on motor planning and motor skills during obstacle crossing in children. Res Dev Disabil 2014; 35: 46–53.
Abstract Views: 9
PDF Views: 0