Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Immediate Effect of Muscle Energy Technique on Quadratus Lumborum Muscle in Patients with Non-Specific Low Back Pain
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to evaluate the immediate effect of Muscle Energy Technique on Quadratus Lumborum Muscle on pain level and active Lumbar Range of motion in patients with acute and sub acute nonspecific Low back pain. [Subjects and Method] Sixty patients with nonspecific low back pain and limited lumbar ROM were selected. The subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group(n=30), which received treatment consisting of Muscle Energy Technique to Quadratus Lumborum muscle and hot pack, while that of control group received only hot pack to lower back. Pain levels using NPRS and Lumbar ROM using Modified Schober’s test were measured before and immediately after the interventions in both groups. [Results] Both the groups showed significant improvement in outcome measures. However, the Experimental group showed better results on comparing with control group. [Conclusion] The combination of Muscle Energy Technique to Quadratus Lumborum muscle along with hot pack treatment was found to be effective in reducing pain and improving lumbar ROM after a single intervention session.
Muscle Energy Technique, Quadratus Lumborum Muscle, Non Specific Low Back Pain.
- Sudhir Ganesan, Anita Shankar Acharya, et al. Prevalence and Risk Factors for Low Back Pain in 1,355 Young Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study. Asian Spine J. 2017 Aug; 11(4): 610–617.
- Balagué F, Mannion AF, et al. Non-specific low back pain. Lancet. 2012 Feb 4;379(9814):482-91..
- Chaitow Leon. Muscle Energy Technique. Third edition. Churchill Livingstone. 2006.
- Noelle M. Selkow, Terry L. Grindstaff, et al. ShortTerm Effect of Muscle Energy Technique on Pain in Individuals with Non-Specific Lumbopelvic Pain: A Pilot Study. J Man Manip Ther. 2009; 17(1): E14– E18.
- Franke H, Fryer G, et al. Muscle energy technique for non-specific low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Feb 27;(2):CD009852.
- Andersson EA, Oddsson LI, et al. EMG activities of the quadratus lumborum and erector spinae muscles during flexion-relaxation and other motor tasks. Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon). 1996 Oct;11(7):392-400.
- Ronald McRae. Clinical orthopaedic examination, 5th edn. Int Orthop. 2004 Feb; 28(1): 60
- Kopec JA, Sayre EC, et al. Predictors of back pain in a general population cohort. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2004 Jan 1;29(1):70-7; discussion 77-8.
- Ferreira-Valente MA, Pais-Ribeiro JL, et al. Validity of four pain intensity rating scales. Pain. 2011 Oct;152(10):2399-404.
- Njoo KH, Van der Does E. The occurrence and inter-rater reliability of myofascial trigger points in the quadratus lumborum and gluteus medius: a prospective study in non-specific low back pain patients and controls in general practice. Pain. 1994 Sep;58(3):317-23.
- Morteza Dehghan and Farinaz Farahbod. The Efficacy of Thermotherapy and Cryotherapy on Pain Relief in Patients with Acute Low Back Pain, A Clinical Trial Study. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014 Sep; 8(9): LC01–LC04.
Abstract Views: 7
PDF Views: 0