Anemia among Adolescent Girls in Tribal Area of Visakhapatnam District in Andhra Pradesh
Introduction: Prevalence of anemia is more than 60% among all vulnerable groups and may be much higher among adolescent girls. In tribal areas, this problem is much higher because of malnutrition, infections, and lack of sufficient knowledge regarding this problem.
• To study overall prevalence and epidemiological determinants of anemia among adolescent girls
• To compare levels of nutritional anemia among different age groups
• To recommended measures for prevention and control of anemia
Methodology: Cross-sectional study conducted in Tribal area of Visakhapatnam district. Sample size of 270 was selected by random sampling. Household survey was conducted to note Heights, Weights, and for Hemoglobin estimation along other epidemiological data. Hemoglobin estimation was done with Sahli's method. Diet survey was conducted in 1/5th of sample i.e. among 54 adolescent girls to know intake of iron and energy.
Results: About 88.9% of adolescent girls are anemic in them 17.8 are severely anemic. The mean hemoglobin content is 9.78gms/dl. Highest prevalence was seen in the age group of 12-13 and 14-15 years of age group that is 85% and 86.5% respectively. About 53.6% of adolescent girls gave history of passage of worms in stool. 2/3rds of adolescent girls iron in take is <10 mg/day. About 44.5% of adolescent girls have intake of 1000-1500 kcals of energy.
- National Family Health Survey (NFHS– 3).Nutrition and the Prevalence of Anaemia. P. 267-309.
- Ananth Kumar. Poverty and adolescent girl’s health. Yojana. September 2001.
- ICMR Bulletin. Iron absorption and its implications on strategies to control iron deficiency anemia. Feb 2000, Vol. 30, No. 2, P. 15- 22.
- Rohit V.Bhatt. Iron & Indian women. The Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology of India, Apr-1999; Vol. 49, No.2, P.27-31.
- Sera Kispotta S.J, & Nivedita Abraham M.S. Indian Tribal’s on the Scale of Development. Christian Medical Journal of India, October – December 2002; Vo. 17, No. 4, P. 7-10.
- Gopalan C., Rama Sastri B.V. and Balasubramanian S.C. Habitual diets in India and their adequacy in nutritive value of India foods, Editors Gopalan et al, 2nd Edition, 1989; NIN, Hyderabad, P. 35-36.
- Rao V.G., Aggrval M.C., Das S.K., Sahare L.K. Intestinal parasitic infections, anemia and under nutrition among tribal adolescents of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, Jan- March 2003; P. 26-29.
- Sahu T,Sahani NC,Patnaik L. Childhood Anemia- A Study in Tribal area of Mohana Block in Orissa Indian Journal of Community Medicine.Vol- 1,No-1,Jan 2007.
- Toteja GS,Singh P,Dhillon BS,Saxena BN,Ahmed FU,Singh RP ,et.al. Prevalence of anemia among pregnant women and adolescent girls in 16 districts of India. Food Nutr bull 2006; 27:311-5.
- Ghosh K., Mukherjee M.B., Shankar U. Hematological data in asymptomatic and apparently healthy school children in a boarding school in a tribal area. Indian Journal of Public Health. April - June 2002,Vol. 46, No. 2.
- Manmeet Kaur, Kamaljit Singh. Affect of Health Education on Knowledge, Attitude & Practices about Anemia among rural woman in Chandigarh. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. July-Sep, 2000; Vol.26, No.3, P.128-132.
- Sampath Kumar V., Raja Ratnam Abel. Prevalence of Anemia and Hookworm infestation among adolescent girls in one rural block of Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Maternal & Child Health, 1997; 8(3&4); P. 73-75.
- Rajaratnam Abel, Jolly Rajaratnam and Sampath Kumar V. Anaemia in pregnancy – impact of Iron deworming and IEC.1999 RUSHA Department, Christian Medical College and Hospital – Vellore.
- Kumar A. National Nutritional Anemia Control Program in India. Indian Journal of Public Health, Jan-Mar, 1999, vol. 43, No.1, P. 3-6.
- Mohan Ram M., Ramana Rao, G.V., Gowrinath Sastry J. A Comparative Study on prevalence of Anemia in women by Cyanmethaemoglobin and Hemocue methods. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, Apr-Jun 2002; Vol.27, No.2, P. 58-61.
Abstract Views: 850
PDF Views: 0