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Risk Factors Associated with the Incidence of Cervical Cancer in Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Hospital Bandar Lampung in 2019


Affiliations
1 University of Malahayati, Kemiling Permai Village, Kemiling Sub-District, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
2 University of Malahayati, Kemiling Permai Village, Kemiling Sub-District, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
     

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Cervical cancer is the most common cause of death in developing countries. The number of cervical cancers in Lampung was 385 cases in 2016. The prevalence of cancer morbidity in Lampung was 0.7 per 1000 population, many factors that cause cervical cancer were the age of first sexual intercourse, parity, multiple sexual partners, smoking, use of vaginal cleansers, use of hormonal contraception, history of sexually transmitted infections and family history. This is a quantitative study with a case control approach. The study population was all women who had cervical cancer and not cervical cancer, with a sample ratio of 1:2. Study respondents numbered 174, univariate data analysis, bivariate using chi-square and multivariate using multiple logistic regression. The results showed the most dominant factor associated with cervical cancer was a family history of p-value 0.009 OR 3.33 (95% CI 1.41-7.83). It is recommended that health workers can provide information about cervical cancer and prevent it by carrying out HPV immunization and pap smears regularly.

Keywords

Risk Factors, Cervical Cancer, Family History.
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  • Risk Factors Associated with the Incidence of Cervical Cancer in Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Hospital Bandar Lampung in 2019

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Authors

Wayan Aryawati
University of Malahayati, Kemiling Permai Village, Kemiling Sub-District, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
Ni Made Arianingsih
University of Malahayati, Kemiling Permai Village, Kemiling Sub-District, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia
Nurul Aryastuti
University of Malahayati, Kemiling Permai Village, Kemiling Sub-District, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia

Abstract


Cervical cancer is the most common cause of death in developing countries. The number of cervical cancers in Lampung was 385 cases in 2016. The prevalence of cancer morbidity in Lampung was 0.7 per 1000 population, many factors that cause cervical cancer were the age of first sexual intercourse, parity, multiple sexual partners, smoking, use of vaginal cleansers, use of hormonal contraception, history of sexually transmitted infections and family history. This is a quantitative study with a case control approach. The study population was all women who had cervical cancer and not cervical cancer, with a sample ratio of 1:2. Study respondents numbered 174, univariate data analysis, bivariate using chi-square and multivariate using multiple logistic regression. The results showed the most dominant factor associated with cervical cancer was a family history of p-value 0.009 OR 3.33 (95% CI 1.41-7.83). It is recommended that health workers can provide information about cervical cancer and prevent it by carrying out HPV immunization and pap smears regularly.

Keywords


Risk Factors, Cervical Cancer, Family History.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F195084