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Factors Associated with Hypertension among Adults in West Java, Indonesia


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1 Department of Public Health Nutrition, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
     

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Background:Hypertension is influenced by various factors including genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Objectives:We aimed to identify factors associated with hypertension among adults in West Java, Indonesia. Material and Method: The study design was a cross-sectional approach using secondary data from the ‘Cohort Study of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD)’ conducted in Kebon Kalapa Village, Bogor City, Indonesia in 2017. This descriptive study used a structured questionnaire to collect primary data distributed to respondents after obtaining their consent. Nutritional status and blood pressure data were collected from participants. A 24-h dietary recall was conducted to collect nutrient intake data. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS software version 24.0. Results:The prevalence of hypertension in this study was 34.2% and 23.9% of respondents were hypertensive. Bivariate analysis revealed that age 45–59 years, female gender, history of hypertension, overweight, and obesity were associated with hypertension status (P values = 0.0005, respectively, and odds ratios = 2.59, 2.37, 40.06, 7.60 and 10.04, respectively). Conclusions:Factors associated with hypertension among adults in West Java, Indonesia included older age, female gender, history of hypertension, and nutritional status.

Keywords

Hypertension, Factors, Adults, Cross-Sectional.
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  • Factors Associated with Hypertension among Adults in West Java, Indonesia

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Authors

Nurul Wahyu Wadarsih
Department of Public Health Nutrition, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika
Department of Public Health Nutrition, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Abstract


Background:Hypertension is influenced by various factors including genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Objectives:We aimed to identify factors associated with hypertension among adults in West Java, Indonesia. Material and Method: The study design was a cross-sectional approach using secondary data from the ‘Cohort Study of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCD)’ conducted in Kebon Kalapa Village, Bogor City, Indonesia in 2017. This descriptive study used a structured questionnaire to collect primary data distributed to respondents after obtaining their consent. Nutritional status and blood pressure data were collected from participants. A 24-h dietary recall was conducted to collect nutrient intake data. Data were analysed using IBM SPSS software version 24.0. Results:The prevalence of hypertension in this study was 34.2% and 23.9% of respondents were hypertensive. Bivariate analysis revealed that age 45–59 years, female gender, history of hypertension, overweight, and obesity were associated with hypertension status (P values = 0.0005, respectively, and odds ratios = 2.59, 2.37, 40.06, 7.60 and 10.04, respectively). Conclusions:Factors associated with hypertension among adults in West Java, Indonesia included older age, female gender, history of hypertension, and nutritional status.

Keywords


Hypertension, Factors, Adults, Cross-Sectional.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F195055