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Relationship among Cervical Cancer Risk Factors with Pap Smear Results in Medan North Sumatera


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1 Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
     

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Objects: To identify relationship among cervical cancer risk factors with pap smear results in Medan North Sumatera. Method: The study was a correlative descriptive. The samples were 60 respondents. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analysis using the Chi Square test at an error rate of 0.05. Results: The result showed that there were no significant correlations among education (p>0.484), employment (p>0.329), age at first sexual intercourse (p>0.410), history of pregnancy (p>0.204), and use of vaginal cleansers (p>0.569) with the results of pap smears. There was a significant between using contraceptive with pap smear results with p-value 0.00 (p<0.004). Conclusion: It is hoped that women need increase the knowledge about the importance of early detection of pap smear examination in reducing the number morbidity and mortality of cervical cancer in Indonesia.

Keywords

Cervical Cancer, Risk Factors, Pap smear
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  • Relationship among Cervical Cancer Risk Factors with Pap Smear Results in Medan North Sumatera

Abstract Views: 98  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Diah Lestari Nasution
Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
Fatwa Imelda
Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

Abstract


Objects: To identify relationship among cervical cancer risk factors with pap smear results in Medan North Sumatera. Method: The study was a correlative descriptive. The samples were 60 respondents. Data were collected using a questionnaire and analysis using the Chi Square test at an error rate of 0.05. Results: The result showed that there were no significant correlations among education (p>0.484), employment (p>0.329), age at first sexual intercourse (p>0.410), history of pregnancy (p>0.204), and use of vaginal cleansers (p>0.569) with the results of pap smears. There was a significant between using contraceptive with pap smear results with p-value 0.00 (p<0.004). Conclusion: It is hoped that women need increase the knowledge about the importance of early detection of pap smear examination in reducing the number morbidity and mortality of cervical cancer in Indonesia.

Keywords


Cervical Cancer, Risk Factors, Pap smear



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F195034