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The Correlation Analysis between Hypertension Controlling Factors and Blood Pressure in the Elderly Living in Griya Werdha Retirement Home, Surabaya


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1 Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Jalan Dharmahusada Permai No. 330, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, East Java 60115, Indonesia
     

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Background: Hypertension is a condition when the blood pressure in blood vessels increases chronically. Living a healthy life has been shown to reduce blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The reduction of body weight and mental stress, low sodium diet, and increased physical activities can also reduce the risk of hypertension. Objective: To analyze the hypertension controlling factors of the elderly’s blood pressure living in Griya Werdha Retirement Home in Surabaya. Method: In this study, the method used was descriptive analytical design with cross-sectional approach by using purposive sampling technique. This study involved 18 elderly with the following inclusion criteria: elderly who had systolic blood pressure of more than 120mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure of more than 80 mm Hg. The independent variables in this study were the food diet and body mass index, while the dependent variable was the blood pressure. The collected data was analyzed by using Spearman’s Rho correlation test with a significance level α <0.05. Results: The research results found that the majority of elderly people were 60-75 years old, female, had stayed for more than 12 months and had a history of hypertension of 5 years or more. the analysis results of reaearch variables using the Spearman’s Rho correlation test indicated that the p-value for the variables of DASH dietary, body mass index, stress and physical activities were all more than 0.05. Conclusion: DASH diet, body mass index, stress and physical activities did not have correllation with blood pressure, thus, no variables were associated with controlling hypertension on the elderly living in UPTD Griya Werdha Retirement Home in Surabaya.

Keywords

Hypertension, elderly, diet, lifestyle
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  • The Correlation Analysis between Hypertension Controlling Factors and Blood Pressure in the Elderly Living in Griya Werdha Retirement Home, Surabaya

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Authors

Jaka Surya Hakim
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Jalan Dharmahusada Permai No. 330, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, East Java 60115, Indonesia
Harmayetty
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Jalan Dharmahusada Permai No. 330, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, East Java 60115, Indonesia
Laily Hidayati
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Jalan Dharmahusada Permai No. 330, Mulyorejo, Surabaya, East Java 60115, Indonesia

Abstract


Background: Hypertension is a condition when the blood pressure in blood vessels increases chronically. Living a healthy life has been shown to reduce blood pressure and reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases. The reduction of body weight and mental stress, low sodium diet, and increased physical activities can also reduce the risk of hypertension. Objective: To analyze the hypertension controlling factors of the elderly’s blood pressure living in Griya Werdha Retirement Home in Surabaya. Method: In this study, the method used was descriptive analytical design with cross-sectional approach by using purposive sampling technique. This study involved 18 elderly with the following inclusion criteria: elderly who had systolic blood pressure of more than 120mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure of more than 80 mm Hg. The independent variables in this study were the food diet and body mass index, while the dependent variable was the blood pressure. The collected data was analyzed by using Spearman’s Rho correlation test with a significance level α <0.05. Results: The research results found that the majority of elderly people were 60-75 years old, female, had stayed for more than 12 months and had a history of hypertension of 5 years or more. the analysis results of reaearch variables using the Spearman’s Rho correlation test indicated that the p-value for the variables of DASH dietary, body mass index, stress and physical activities were all more than 0.05. Conclusion: DASH diet, body mass index, stress and physical activities did not have correllation with blood pressure, thus, no variables were associated with controlling hypertension on the elderly living in UPTD Griya Werdha Retirement Home in Surabaya.

Keywords


Hypertension, elderly, diet, lifestyle



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194992