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The Factors Associated with Incomplete Vaccination among Children below 4 Years in Holy Karbala/Iraq


Affiliations
1 Student in High Diploma of Family Medicine, College of medicine, University of Kerbala, Iraq
2 Tutor in Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of medicine, University of Kerbala, Iraq
3 Family Medicine Specialist, Center Sector Karbala/ Karbala Health Directorate, Karbala, Iraq
     

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Background: Vaccines has an essential role for the prevention of infectious diseases. It has an important role in promoting child survival, several reasons are related to incomplete vaccination of children. Objectives: To find out the reasons related to incomplete vaccination among children under five years in Karbala city. Method: A cross sectional study, convenient sample of 400 children was approached who attended primary health care centers in urban and rural areas in Karbala city. Data collection done between the first of March to 30th of June, 2019 through direct interview using a questionnaire adapted from similar researches. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program version 24 was used for data analysis and P value of a level < 0.05 considered significant. Results: The most (22.2%) reported reason for incomplete vaccination that are related to the health centers was unavailability of vaccine. Child sickness (33.5%) and fear of adverse effects (31.5%) were the most reported reasons for incomplete vaccination that are related to the family and child. Conclusions: Unavailability of vaccine, child sickness and fear of adverse effect were the most reported reasons for incomplete vaccination.

Keywords

Immunization, incomplete vaccination, reasons
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  • The Factors Associated with Incomplete Vaccination among Children below 4 Years in Holy Karbala/Iraq

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Authors

Zahraa Khudhair Abdul Alabass
Student in High Diploma of Family Medicine, College of medicine, University of Kerbala, Iraq
Shahrazad Shamki A.L. Jobori
Tutor in Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of medicine, University of Kerbala, Iraq
Anwer H. Al-khafagi
Family Medicine Specialist, Center Sector Karbala/ Karbala Health Directorate, Karbala, Iraq

Abstract


Background: Vaccines has an essential role for the prevention of infectious diseases. It has an important role in promoting child survival, several reasons are related to incomplete vaccination of children. Objectives: To find out the reasons related to incomplete vaccination among children under five years in Karbala city. Method: A cross sectional study, convenient sample of 400 children was approached who attended primary health care centers in urban and rural areas in Karbala city. Data collection done between the first of March to 30th of June, 2019 through direct interview using a questionnaire adapted from similar researches. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) program version 24 was used for data analysis and P value of a level < 0.05 considered significant. Results: The most (22.2%) reported reason for incomplete vaccination that are related to the health centers was unavailability of vaccine. Child sickness (33.5%) and fear of adverse effects (31.5%) were the most reported reasons for incomplete vaccination that are related to the family and child. Conclusions: Unavailability of vaccine, child sickness and fear of adverse effect were the most reported reasons for incomplete vaccination.

Keywords


Immunization, incomplete vaccination, reasons



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194985