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The Role of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP), Roll Over Test (ROT), and Body mass Index (BMI) in Preeclampsia Screening in Indonesia


Affiliations
1 Student in Midwifwery Program, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
2 Physiology Department Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
3 Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
4 Obstetrics and Gynecology Department Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
     

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Objective: To evaluate the role of MAP, ROT, and BMI in preeclampsia screening in low resources setting. Method and Material: This is a retrospective study conducted on 1011 pregnant women who had an antenatal care at Public Health Center in Indonesia. Data taken from public health medical report. The sample groups were 45 preeclampsia patients who have had complete screening of MAP, ROT and BMI. The control groups were normal pregnant women who attained same inclusion criteria. Results: The preeclampsia group had positif MAP and obesity result respectively 95.6% and 40% of patients, but in control group only had 40% and 11.1% of patient have positive MAP and obesity respectively. Statistical test illustrates a significant association between MAP and BMI screening with the incidence of preeclampsia (p 0.0001, OR = 32.250 and p 0.002, OR = 5.333).Whereas positive ROT showed in 40% PE groups and 57.8% control group. There is no association between ROT screening and the incidence of preeclampsia (p 0.092). Conclusion: MAP and BMI can be used as baseline screening tools of preeclampsia in low resources setting. But ROT is not associated with the incidence of preeclampsia.

Keywords

Preeclampsia Screening, MAP, ROT, BMI
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  • The Role of Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP), Roll Over Test (ROT), and Body mass Index (BMI) in Preeclampsia Screening in Indonesia

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Authors

Dwi Putri Rahayu Tampubolon
Student in Midwifwery Program, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Lilik Herawati
Physiology Department Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Nursalam
Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia
Ernawati
Obstetrics and Gynecology Department Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Abstract


Objective: To evaluate the role of MAP, ROT, and BMI in preeclampsia screening in low resources setting. Method and Material: This is a retrospective study conducted on 1011 pregnant women who had an antenatal care at Public Health Center in Indonesia. Data taken from public health medical report. The sample groups were 45 preeclampsia patients who have had complete screening of MAP, ROT and BMI. The control groups were normal pregnant women who attained same inclusion criteria. Results: The preeclampsia group had positif MAP and obesity result respectively 95.6% and 40% of patients, but in control group only had 40% and 11.1% of patient have positive MAP and obesity respectively. Statistical test illustrates a significant association between MAP and BMI screening with the incidence of preeclampsia (p 0.0001, OR = 32.250 and p 0.002, OR = 5.333).Whereas positive ROT showed in 40% PE groups and 57.8% control group. There is no association between ROT screening and the incidence of preeclampsia (p 0.092). Conclusion: MAP and BMI can be used as baseline screening tools of preeclampsia in low resources setting. But ROT is not associated with the incidence of preeclampsia.

Keywords


Preeclampsia Screening, MAP, ROT, BMI



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194974