Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Risk Factors for Obesity in Patients with Hypertension


Affiliations
1 Student of Magister Program of Nutrition Department, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
2 Professor of Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Introduction: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a leading cause of death worldwide. In 2018, NCDs’ prevalence had reportedly increased since 2013. Hypertension was the biggest cause of NCDsdiagnosed in health facilities, from 25.8% to 34.1%. Patients with hypertension and obesity are at increased risk of complications from diabetes mellitus and kidney disease. Objective: The present study aimed to determine risk factors for obesity in patients aged 25–69 years with hypertension. Materials and Method: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional design, using secondary data from the ‘Cohort Study of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases’, conducted in Bogor City, Kebon Kelapa Village in 2017. The population in this study included adult patients with hypertension aged 25–69 years. Results: The prevalence of obesity in patients with hypertension was 47.4%.Risk factors that were significantly related to obesity in patients with hypertension included age groups 25–44 and 45–59, female gender and excessive energy intake (p = 0.009, 0.050, 0.025 and 0.039, respectively and odds ratio = 2.43, 1.73, 1.85 and 1.85, respectively). Conclusions: Risk factors associated with obesity in patients aged 25–69 years with hypertension included age, gender and energy intake.

Keywords

Obesity, hypertension, adult, elderly
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


Abstract Views: 77

PDF Views: 0




  • Risk Factors for Obesity in Patients with Hypertension

Abstract Views: 77  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Aylinda Wahyuni Putri
Student of Magister Program of Nutrition Department, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
Ratu Ayu Dewi Sartika
Professor of Nutrition Department, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia

Abstract


Introduction: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a leading cause of death worldwide. In 2018, NCDs’ prevalence had reportedly increased since 2013. Hypertension was the biggest cause of NCDsdiagnosed in health facilities, from 25.8% to 34.1%. Patients with hypertension and obesity are at increased risk of complications from diabetes mellitus and kidney disease. Objective: The present study aimed to determine risk factors for obesity in patients aged 25–69 years with hypertension. Materials and Method: This was an observational study with a cross-sectional design, using secondary data from the ‘Cohort Study of Risk Factors of Non-communicable Diseases’, conducted in Bogor City, Kebon Kelapa Village in 2017. The population in this study included adult patients with hypertension aged 25–69 years. Results: The prevalence of obesity in patients with hypertension was 47.4%.Risk factors that were significantly related to obesity in patients with hypertension included age groups 25–44 and 45–59, female gender and excessive energy intake (p = 0.009, 0.050, 0.025 and 0.039, respectively and odds ratio = 2.43, 1.73, 1.85 and 1.85, respectively). Conclusions: Risk factors associated with obesity in patients aged 25–69 years with hypertension included age, gender and energy intake.

Keywords


Obesity, hypertension, adult, elderly



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194961