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Determine the Various Risk Factors and Co-Morbidities in the Patient’s Admitted with Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Cross Sectional Study


Affiliations
1 Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Professor and Head, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
4 Junior Resident, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
     

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Aim: study the prevalence of various risk factors and co-morbidities in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Material and Method: 73 patients admitted with AE-COPD data on body mass index (BMI), smoking, symptoms, co-morbidities course of the disease, spirometry management were obtained. Results: Eighty-eight percent of the admitted patients had current or past smoking habit of ‘Bidi’ and 9% were cigarette smokers. of admitted patients, 46% had at least one co-morbid condition. Mean FEV1 was 42.5%. Conclusion: Study concluded that the hospitalized patient with AE-COPD suggests spirometric impairments because majority of the patients had current or past smoking habits. Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were found to be the major co-morbidities.

Keywords

AE-COD, Co-morbidities, FEV1.
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  • Determine the Various Risk Factors and Co-Morbidities in the Patient’s Admitted with Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Cross Sectional Study

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Authors

Achchhar Singh
Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Jai Kishan
Professor and Head, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Sameer Singhal
Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Vishvdeep Saini
Junior Resident, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Abhishek Chauhan
Junior Resident, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

Abstract


Aim: study the prevalence of various risk factors and co-morbidities in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Material and Method: 73 patients admitted with AE-COPD data on body mass index (BMI), smoking, symptoms, co-morbidities course of the disease, spirometry management were obtained. Results: Eighty-eight percent of the admitted patients had current or past smoking habit of ‘Bidi’ and 9% were cigarette smokers. of admitted patients, 46% had at least one co-morbid condition. Mean FEV1 was 42.5%. Conclusion: Study concluded that the hospitalized patient with AE-COPD suggests spirometric impairments because majority of the patients had current or past smoking habits. Diabetes and cardiovascular diseases were found to be the major co-morbidities.

Keywords


AE-COD, Co-morbidities, FEV1.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194935