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To Study the Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients of OSA Diagnosed by Polysomnography


Affiliations
1 Junior Resident,Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
2 Prof and Head, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
3 Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
4 Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
5 Assistant Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
     

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Aim: To study the prevalence of obstructive airway disease in patient of OSA diagnosed by polysomnography. Method: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional and was carried out in patients admitted in the department of Respiratory Medicine who were diagnosed with OSA after polysomnography. Total 41 patients who were diagnosed as cases of obstructive sleep apnea were clinically evaluated and investigated by history taking and final diagnosis were made as either COPD, Asthma on basis of GOLD and GINA guidelines respectively. Results: Mean age of the study participants was 50.95 years. Prevalence of Asthma and COPD among cases with OSA was 58.5% and 14.6%.Mean AHI and ESS score was 42.45 and 16.80 respectively. The most common co-morbid condition was GERD (19.5%). Conclusion: Present study concluded that asthma is more prevalent than COPD in patients of obstructive sleep apnea. The main factors associated with Obstructive lung diseases and its pathogenesis is the obesity, hypertension, smoking habits, adenoids, tonsillitis, musculoskeletal changes, weakness and atrophy of muscles of upper respiratory tract.

Keywords

Asthma, COPD, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Polysomnography
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  • To Study the Prevalence of Obstructive Airway Disease in Patients of OSA Diagnosed by Polysomnography

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Authors

Ajit Yadav
Junior Resident,Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Jai Kishan
Prof and Head, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Sameer Singhal
Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Achchhar Singh
Associate Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India
Aditi Gupta
Assistant Professor, Department of Respiratory Medicine, MMIMSR, M.M. Deemed to be University, Mullana, Ambala, Haryana, India

Abstract


Aim: To study the prevalence of obstructive airway disease in patient of OSA diagnosed by polysomnography. Method: This study is a descriptive cross-sectional and was carried out in patients admitted in the department of Respiratory Medicine who were diagnosed with OSA after polysomnography. Total 41 patients who were diagnosed as cases of obstructive sleep apnea were clinically evaluated and investigated by history taking and final diagnosis were made as either COPD, Asthma on basis of GOLD and GINA guidelines respectively. Results: Mean age of the study participants was 50.95 years. Prevalence of Asthma and COPD among cases with OSA was 58.5% and 14.6%.Mean AHI and ESS score was 42.45 and 16.80 respectively. The most common co-morbid condition was GERD (19.5%). Conclusion: Present study concluded that asthma is more prevalent than COPD in patients of obstructive sleep apnea. The main factors associated with Obstructive lung diseases and its pathogenesis is the obesity, hypertension, smoking habits, adenoids, tonsillitis, musculoskeletal changes, weakness and atrophy of muscles of upper respiratory tract.

Keywords


Asthma, COPD, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Polysomnography



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194923