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A Pre-experimental Study to Assess the Effect of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge of Staff Nurses Regarding Hemodialysis in Selected Hospitals at Jaipur


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1 Assistant Professor, School of Nursing Science and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, NCR Delhi, India
     

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The word dialysis derived from Greek word “dialusis”, meaning dissolution, “dia” meaning through, and “lysis” meaning loosening. Dialysis is a process for removing waste and excess water from the blood, and is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Dialysis may be used for those with an acute disturbance in kidney function or for those with progressive but chronically worsening kidney function1. Purpose: Sometimes nurses fail to adopt modern or recent nursing care for the hemodialysis due to the lack of knowledge and ignorance for learning therefore, the investigators is challenged to explore the knowledge level of staff nurses is relation to hemodialysis with a view to develop a planned structured teaching. The investigator during his training period and clinical experience observed. Lack of desirable knowledge and any standardized protocols in the dialysis and related units. So, the need to develop a planned teaching programme on hemodialysis was felt for nursing staffs in selected hospital. Objectives: 1. To determine the level of knowledge of the staff nurses regarding haemodialysis measured by structured knowledge questionnaire. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme by comparing the pre and post knowledge score. 3. To determine the association between the pre-test knowledge score with selected demographic variable on hemodialysis among staff nurses. Methodology: The research design was Pre-experimental one group pre-test and post-test design, the setting chosen to conduct study was SMS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan 203012. Sample size was 60;the sampling technique used was purposive sample technique. The staff nurses who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected as samples. The tool was submitted to seven experts of department of Medical Surgical Nursing and statistician and doctors. Experts were asked to give their opinions and suggestions about the content of tools. The interpretation of the score cut-off; Poor 0-40,Average 41-60, Good- 61-74 and very good 75 and above. The data gathered and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics method and interpretation is made on the basis of objectives of the study. Major Findings: The analysis of the study findings revealed that the pre-test mean was 16.02 with a standard deviation of 2.86 and the post-test mean was 23.88 with a standard deviation of 3.06. The tabulated value of score at 5% level of significance and 59 degrees of freedom is 2 and the table value was less than the calculated value (7.86). Conclusion: This study represents the significant gain in knowledge through the planned teaching Program. Thus it suggests that the STP has been effective in increasing the knowledge of staff nurses about hemodialysis.

Keywords

Assessment, Effectiveness, Hemodialysis, Planned Teaching Programme, Staff Nurses, Knowledge.
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  • A Pre-experimental Study to Assess the Effect of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge of Staff Nurses Regarding Hemodialysis in Selected Hospitals at Jaipur

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Authors

Christa Mathew
Assistant Professor, School of Nursing Science and Research, Sharda University, Greater Noida, NCR Delhi, India

Abstract


The word dialysis derived from Greek word “dialusis”, meaning dissolution, “dia” meaning through, and “lysis” meaning loosening. Dialysis is a process for removing waste and excess water from the blood, and is primarily used to provide an artificial replacement for lost kidney function in people with renal failure. Dialysis may be used for those with an acute disturbance in kidney function or for those with progressive but chronically worsening kidney function1. Purpose: Sometimes nurses fail to adopt modern or recent nursing care for the hemodialysis due to the lack of knowledge and ignorance for learning therefore, the investigators is challenged to explore the knowledge level of staff nurses is relation to hemodialysis with a view to develop a planned structured teaching. The investigator during his training period and clinical experience observed. Lack of desirable knowledge and any standardized protocols in the dialysis and related units. So, the need to develop a planned teaching programme on hemodialysis was felt for nursing staffs in selected hospital. Objectives: 1. To determine the level of knowledge of the staff nurses regarding haemodialysis measured by structured knowledge questionnaire. 2. To evaluate the effectiveness of structured teaching programme by comparing the pre and post knowledge score. 3. To determine the association between the pre-test knowledge score with selected demographic variable on hemodialysis among staff nurses. Methodology: The research design was Pre-experimental one group pre-test and post-test design, the setting chosen to conduct study was SMS Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan 203012. Sample size was 60;the sampling technique used was purposive sample technique. The staff nurses who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected as samples. The tool was submitted to seven experts of department of Medical Surgical Nursing and statistician and doctors. Experts were asked to give their opinions and suggestions about the content of tools. The interpretation of the score cut-off; Poor 0-40,Average 41-60, Good- 61-74 and very good 75 and above. The data gathered and analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics method and interpretation is made on the basis of objectives of the study. Major Findings: The analysis of the study findings revealed that the pre-test mean was 16.02 with a standard deviation of 2.86 and the post-test mean was 23.88 with a standard deviation of 3.06. The tabulated value of score at 5% level of significance and 59 degrees of freedom is 2 and the table value was less than the calculated value (7.86). Conclusion: This study represents the significant gain in knowledge through the planned teaching Program. Thus it suggests that the STP has been effective in increasing the knowledge of staff nurses about hemodialysis.

Keywords


Assessment, Effectiveness, Hemodialysis, Planned Teaching Programme, Staff Nurses, Knowledge.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194873