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A Quasi Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Revised Nursing Care Standard Operative Procedures on Knowledge & Practice Regarding Infant Feeding among Students of Selected Nursing College, Vadodara


Affiliations
1 HOD of Child Health Nursing, Sumandeep Nursing College, Sumndeep Vidhyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
2 M.Sc. Nursing, Sumandeep Nursing College, Sumndeep Vidhyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
3 Associate Professor, Sumandeep Nursing College, Sumndeep Vidhyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
     

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Background: Malnutrition has been responsible, directly or indirectly, for 60% of the 10.9 million deaths annually among children under 5. Well over two-thirds of these deaths, which are often associated with inappropriate feeding practices, occur during the first year of life. No more than 35% of infants worldwide are exclusively breastfed during the first four months of life; complementary feeding frequently begins too early or too late, and foods are often nutritionally inadequate and unsafe. Malnourished children who survive are more frequently sick and suffer the life-long consequences of impaired development. Method and Materials: Quantitative evaluatory approach with quasi experimental non randomized control group design including 40 students from BSc nursing in which 20 experimental and 20 control were selected as a sample with use of purposive sampling technique. To collect data self-structured questionnaire and practice checklist were administered. Results: The pre-test score of the experimental group the knowledge score mean % is 34.60% and the practice score mean % is 34.03% & that in control group the knowledge score mean % is 38.33% and practice score mean % is 30.57%. In respondents 45% were having inadequate knowledge, 55% were having adequate knowledge & no one were having excellent knowledge while in practice 80% were having poor practice, 20% were having adequate practice & no one having good practice in providing infant feeding. The post test score of the experimental group the knowledge score mean percentage is 85.19% and the practice score mean % is 88.46% & that in control group the knowledge score mean % is 36.91% and practice score mean % is 37.5. In respondents 27.5% were having inadequate knowledge, 22.5% were having adequate knowledge & 55% were having excellent knowledge. And in practice 32.5% were having poor practice, 17.5% were having adequate practice & 50% were having good practice in providing infant feeding. Conclusion: Administration of procedure regarding Standard operative procedure on infant feeding was effective as there is a significant difference in pre-test and post-test knowledge & practice score.

Keywords

Infant Feeding, Standard Operative Procedure.
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  • A Quasi Experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Revised Nursing Care Standard Operative Procedures on Knowledge & Practice Regarding Infant Feeding among Students of Selected Nursing College, Vadodara

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Authors

Nirmal Raj
HOD of Child Health Nursing, Sumandeep Nursing College, Sumndeep Vidhyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Bhumika P. Parmar
M.Sc. Nursing, Sumandeep Nursing College, Sumndeep Vidhyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Rajesh Joseph
Associate Professor, Sumandeep Nursing College, Sumndeep Vidhyapeeth University, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

Abstract


Background: Malnutrition has been responsible, directly or indirectly, for 60% of the 10.9 million deaths annually among children under 5. Well over two-thirds of these deaths, which are often associated with inappropriate feeding practices, occur during the first year of life. No more than 35% of infants worldwide are exclusively breastfed during the first four months of life; complementary feeding frequently begins too early or too late, and foods are often nutritionally inadequate and unsafe. Malnourished children who survive are more frequently sick and suffer the life-long consequences of impaired development. Method and Materials: Quantitative evaluatory approach with quasi experimental non randomized control group design including 40 students from BSc nursing in which 20 experimental and 20 control were selected as a sample with use of purposive sampling technique. To collect data self-structured questionnaire and practice checklist were administered. Results: The pre-test score of the experimental group the knowledge score mean % is 34.60% and the practice score mean % is 34.03% & that in control group the knowledge score mean % is 38.33% and practice score mean % is 30.57%. In respondents 45% were having inadequate knowledge, 55% were having adequate knowledge & no one were having excellent knowledge while in practice 80% were having poor practice, 20% were having adequate practice & no one having good practice in providing infant feeding. The post test score of the experimental group the knowledge score mean percentage is 85.19% and the practice score mean % is 88.46% & that in control group the knowledge score mean % is 36.91% and practice score mean % is 37.5. In respondents 27.5% were having inadequate knowledge, 22.5% were having adequate knowledge & 55% were having excellent knowledge. And in practice 32.5% were having poor practice, 17.5% were having adequate practice & 50% were having good practice in providing infant feeding. Conclusion: Administration of procedure regarding Standard operative procedure on infant feeding was effective as there is a significant difference in pre-test and post-test knowledge & practice score.

Keywords


Infant Feeding, Standard Operative Procedure.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194868