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Improvement of Diabetic Patients’ Knowledge Regarding Foot Problems:An Intervention Study


Affiliations
1 Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt
2 Family and Community Health Nursing, Beni Suef University, Egypt
3 Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Minia University, Egypt
4 Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt
5 Internal Medicine and clinical Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt
     

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Background: Many diabetic patients are affected by diabetic foot, a devastating and potentially fatal condition mostly due to lack of knowledge of foot care.

Aim of the Study: To evaluate the effectiveness of nursing intervention program on patient’s knowledge about diabetes and foot care. Subjects and Method: This quasi-experimental study was carried out at the Diabetes and outpatient clinics of Beni-Suef University hospitals on a convenience sample of 158 adult diabetic patients. An interview questionnaire was used to collect data on patient’s socio-demographic and diabetes characteristics and patient’s health habits, in addition to, knowledge questionnaire and diabetic foot screening format which used to assess foot condition.

Results: The sample had an equal gender distribution, and mostly had intermediate education (41.1%), with 52.5% having their diabetes for less than five years, 77.2% had one or more abnormal physical finding in foot assessment. Overall, 32.9% had satisfactory knowledge before the intervention, and this significantly increased to 90.5% after the intervention (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, the study intervention was the main positive predictor of the knowledge score change.

Conclusion and Recommendations: A patient’s education program is effective in improving patients’ knowledge about diabetes and diabetic foot. It should be widely used in educating diabetic patients. A longer term study is proposed to investigate the impact of knowledge improvement on prevention of diabetic foot.


Keywords

Diabetic Foot, Knowledge, Health Education.
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  • Improvement of Diabetic Patients’ Knowledge Regarding Foot Problems:An Intervention Study

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Authors

Aziza M. Abozeid
Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt
Abeer M. El Maghwery
Family and Community Health Nursing, Beni Suef University, Egypt
Gehan A. Gamal
Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Minia University, Egypt
Reda D.H. Awad
Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Beni-Suef University, Egypt
Ahmed Y. Ismaeel
Internal Medicine and clinical Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

Abstract


Background: Many diabetic patients are affected by diabetic foot, a devastating and potentially fatal condition mostly due to lack of knowledge of foot care.

Aim of the Study: To evaluate the effectiveness of nursing intervention program on patient’s knowledge about diabetes and foot care. Subjects and Method: This quasi-experimental study was carried out at the Diabetes and outpatient clinics of Beni-Suef University hospitals on a convenience sample of 158 adult diabetic patients. An interview questionnaire was used to collect data on patient’s socio-demographic and diabetes characteristics and patient’s health habits, in addition to, knowledge questionnaire and diabetic foot screening format which used to assess foot condition.

Results: The sample had an equal gender distribution, and mostly had intermediate education (41.1%), with 52.5% having their diabetes for less than five years, 77.2% had one or more abnormal physical finding in foot assessment. Overall, 32.9% had satisfactory knowledge before the intervention, and this significantly increased to 90.5% after the intervention (p<0.001). In multivariate analysis, the study intervention was the main positive predictor of the knowledge score change.

Conclusion and Recommendations: A patient’s education program is effective in improving patients’ knowledge about diabetes and diabetic foot. It should be widely used in educating diabetic patients. A longer term study is proposed to investigate the impact of knowledge improvement on prevention of diabetic foot.


Keywords


Diabetic Foot, Knowledge, Health Education.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194842