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Assess the Knowledge and Risk Factors among Pregnancy Induced Hypertension among Antenatal Mothers


Affiliations
1 Lecturer, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
2 Associate Professor, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
3 IV Year Nursing Students, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
     

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Background of the Study: Hypertension, complicating 5-10% of all pregnancies worldwide, is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity. The control of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) appears difficult to achieve. Part of the reason for poor control of hypertension in these women might be limited PIH self-care knowledge. Objective: to assess the knowledge and risk factors of PIH among antenatal mothers and to find out the association between knowledge and risk factors with selected demographic variables. Materials and Method: Study was conducted on 110 antenatal mothers attending in Gynecologic OPD, AIMS, Kochi, Kerala. The research design used was non experimental descriptive design. Result: The present study reveals that more than half of the mothers (63.6%) had average knowledge regarding PIH. Half of the mothers had the risk factors of family history of hypertension (50%) and followed by 32.7% had the habit of high non vegetarian food intake. A statistically significant association was observed for education and knowledge and comorbidities and knowledge of antenatal mothers. Significant association was found in risk factors and comorbidities of antenatal mothers. Conclusion: The finding of the study shows that antenatal mothers had average knowledge related to PIH. Health care providers should implement the focused health education programme during antenatal visit

Keywords

Knowledge, Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Antenatal Mothers, Risk Factors, Pregnancy.
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  • Assess the Knowledge and Risk Factors among Pregnancy Induced Hypertension among Antenatal Mothers

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Authors

Aswathy Krishnan S.
Lecturer, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
Anju Philip T.
Associate Professor, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
Syama Mohan
IV Year Nursing Students, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India
Reshma Saji
IV Year Nursing Students, Dept. of Obstetric and Gynecologic Nursing, Amrita College of Nursing, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Kochi, Kerala, India

Abstract


Background of the Study: Hypertension, complicating 5-10% of all pregnancies worldwide, is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity. The control of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) appears difficult to achieve. Part of the reason for poor control of hypertension in these women might be limited PIH self-care knowledge. Objective: to assess the knowledge and risk factors of PIH among antenatal mothers and to find out the association between knowledge and risk factors with selected demographic variables. Materials and Method: Study was conducted on 110 antenatal mothers attending in Gynecologic OPD, AIMS, Kochi, Kerala. The research design used was non experimental descriptive design. Result: The present study reveals that more than half of the mothers (63.6%) had average knowledge regarding PIH. Half of the mothers had the risk factors of family history of hypertension (50%) and followed by 32.7% had the habit of high non vegetarian food intake. A statistically significant association was observed for education and knowledge and comorbidities and knowledge of antenatal mothers. Significant association was found in risk factors and comorbidities of antenatal mothers. Conclusion: The finding of the study shows that antenatal mothers had average knowledge related to PIH. Health care providers should implement the focused health education programme during antenatal visit

Keywords


Knowledge, Pregnancy Induced Hypertension, Antenatal Mothers, Risk Factors, Pregnancy.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194841