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A Glimpse of Manual Scavanging in India


Affiliations
1 Dean, Faculty of Nursing, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University & Principal, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi College of Nursing, Kakryal, Katra, India
2 Second Year MBBS Student, The University of Georgia, Tiblisi, Georgia, United States
     

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Context: Across India, manual scavenging and its allied forms — the manual cleaning of dry latrines, sewers, manholes and septic tanks, abstraction of debris from sewage canals and any interaction with excreta — are openly prevalent, defined as a “cultural vocation”. “In India, every five days, a manual scavenger dies in a sewer, septic tank or a manhole,” the report verbally expressed. However, its scope was constrained as its primary source of data was statistics from NCSK, which has disarrayed information organised arbitrarily. The few key features of the Act Prohibits the expression or maintenance of insanitary toilets, Prohibits the engagement or employment of anyone as a manual scavenger, Violations could result in a years’ imprisonment or a fine of INR 50,000 or both. The press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has verbally expressed that a Task Force was constituted for carrying out a National Survey of manual scavengers in 2018 in 170 identified districts of 18 states. The right technology is considered as one of the solution to eradicate this scourge. In spite of that, the social and gender issues should be abolished by educating pupil about this ill.

Keywords

Manual Scavengers, Manholes, Insanitary Latrines, Health Issues.
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  • A Glimpse of Manual Scavanging in India

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Authors

Shailla Cannie
Dean, Faculty of Nursing, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University & Principal, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi College of Nursing, Kakryal, Katra, India
Aasavri Cannie
Second Year MBBS Student, The University of Georgia, Tiblisi, Georgia, United States

Abstract


Context: Across India, manual scavenging and its allied forms — the manual cleaning of dry latrines, sewers, manholes and septic tanks, abstraction of debris from sewage canals and any interaction with excreta — are openly prevalent, defined as a “cultural vocation”. “In India, every five days, a manual scavenger dies in a sewer, septic tank or a manhole,” the report verbally expressed. However, its scope was constrained as its primary source of data was statistics from NCSK, which has disarrayed information organised arbitrarily. The few key features of the Act Prohibits the expression or maintenance of insanitary toilets, Prohibits the engagement or employment of anyone as a manual scavenger, Violations could result in a years’ imprisonment or a fine of INR 50,000 or both. The press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has verbally expressed that a Task Force was constituted for carrying out a National Survey of manual scavengers in 2018 in 170 identified districts of 18 states. The right technology is considered as one of the solution to eradicate this scourge. In spite of that, the social and gender issues should be abolished by educating pupil about this ill.

Keywords


Manual Scavengers, Manholes, Insanitary Latrines, Health Issues.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194814