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Psychological Effects of Trauma to Anterior Teeth


Affiliations
1 Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Deralakatte, Karnataka State, India
2 Additional Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Deralakatte, Karnataka State, India
3 Vice Principal and Head of the Department, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Deralakatte, Karnataka State, India
     

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Context: Dental trauma has a very distressing experience on physical, emotional and psychological aspects of the patient. The aim of the study was to determine the psychological effects of anterior dental trauma on patients.

A questionnaire study was carried out to know the psychological aspects of trauma to anterior teeth based on the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) index. It is regarded as the most comprehensive tool for measuring Oral Health Related Quality of Life. This study concentrated only on psychological discomfort and psychological disability. Each item was scored on a five-point scale ranging from “never” (coded 0) to “very often” (coded 4).

The statistical significance of the scores thus obtained and the mean levels of the severity scores between genders and age groups were calculated using the statistical chi-square test. In our study psychological effects to anterior teeth trauma was most observed in the age group of 18-25. Interestingly when the observation was monitored across genders, we observed large psychological effect in females when compared to male gender.


Keywords

Anterior Dental Trauma, Psychological Effects, OHIP Index.
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  • Psychological Effects of Trauma to Anterior Teeth

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Authors

Lakshmi Nidhi Rao
Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Deralakatte, Karnataka State, India
Aditya Shetty
Additional Professor, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Deralakatte, Karnataka State, India
Mithra N. Hedge
Vice Principal and Head of the Department, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, A.B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte Deemed to be University, Deralakatte, Karnataka State, India

Abstract


Context: Dental trauma has a very distressing experience on physical, emotional and psychological aspects of the patient. The aim of the study was to determine the psychological effects of anterior dental trauma on patients.

A questionnaire study was carried out to know the psychological aspects of trauma to anterior teeth based on the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) index. It is regarded as the most comprehensive tool for measuring Oral Health Related Quality of Life. This study concentrated only on psychological discomfort and psychological disability. Each item was scored on a five-point scale ranging from “never” (coded 0) to “very often” (coded 4).

The statistical significance of the scores thus obtained and the mean levels of the severity scores between genders and age groups were calculated using the statistical chi-square test. In our study psychological effects to anterior teeth trauma was most observed in the age group of 18-25. Interestingly when the observation was monitored across genders, we observed large psychological effect in females when compared to male gender.


Keywords


Anterior Dental Trauma, Psychological Effects, OHIP Index.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194794