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An Observational Study on Factors Associated with Pre- Eclampsia/Gestational Hypertension among Pregnant Women Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital at Udupi


Affiliations
1 Assistant Professor, Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
3 Professor and HOD, Department of OBG, Dr. TMA Pai Hospital, Udupi, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
4 Professor & Head, Department of Data Science, Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
     

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Introduction: Pre-Eclampsia and Gestational Hypertension are often categorised under the complicated hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The present study was carried out to observe the maternal age distribution, family history of hypertension, blood group distribution, gravida status, gestational age at delivery and baby weight distribution among healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with PE/GH attending a tertiary care hospital at Udupi district.

Methodology: After obtaining the consent from pregnant women fulfilling the criteria for the study, details on maternal age distribution, family history of hypertension, blood group distribution, gravida status, gestational age at delivery and baby weight distribution were obtained from the patient records. Healthy pregnant were defined as those who had no complications in pregnancy till delivery and cases were defined as the ones who developed GH/PE anytime after 20 weeks of gestation.

Results: The present study identified that among Control 16.7% and among Case 29% had family history of hypertension. Larger percentage of women had blood group of O+ among control whereas it was B+ among case. Among Case, 48.6% women delivered at ≤37 weeks. The babies born to Control women had a birth weight of 3.07 ± 0.38 kg as compared to babies born to women with Gestational Hypertension/Pre-eclampsia which was 2.6 ± 0.32 kg.

Conclusion: The study could identify the distribution pattern of maternal age, family history of hypertension, blood group, gravida status, gestational age at delivery and baby birth weight and among healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with PE/GH attending a tertiary care hospital at Udupi district.


Keywords

Maternal Age, Family History of Hypertension, Blood Group, Gravida Status, Gestational Age at Delivery, Birth Weight.
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  • An Observational Study on Factors Associated with Pre- Eclampsia/Gestational Hypertension among Pregnant Women Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital at Udupi

Abstract Views: 43  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Jenu Maria Thomas
Assistant Professor, Symbiosis Institute of Health Sciences, Symbiosis International University, Pune, India
Revathi P. Shenoy
Associate Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
Parvati V. Bhat
Professor and HOD, Department of OBG, Dr. TMA Pai Hospital, Udupi, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India
Asha Kamath
Professor & Head, Department of Data Science, Prasanna School of Public Health, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, India

Abstract


Introduction: Pre-Eclampsia and Gestational Hypertension are often categorised under the complicated hypertensive disorders in pregnancy. The present study was carried out to observe the maternal age distribution, family history of hypertension, blood group distribution, gravida status, gestational age at delivery and baby weight distribution among healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with PE/GH attending a tertiary care hospital at Udupi district.

Methodology: After obtaining the consent from pregnant women fulfilling the criteria for the study, details on maternal age distribution, family history of hypertension, blood group distribution, gravida status, gestational age at delivery and baby weight distribution were obtained from the patient records. Healthy pregnant were defined as those who had no complications in pregnancy till delivery and cases were defined as the ones who developed GH/PE anytime after 20 weeks of gestation.

Results: The present study identified that among Control 16.7% and among Case 29% had family history of hypertension. Larger percentage of women had blood group of O+ among control whereas it was B+ among case. Among Case, 48.6% women delivered at ≤37 weeks. The babies born to Control women had a birth weight of 3.07 ± 0.38 kg as compared to babies born to women with Gestational Hypertension/Pre-eclampsia which was 2.6 ± 0.32 kg.

Conclusion: The study could identify the distribution pattern of maternal age, family history of hypertension, blood group, gravida status, gestational age at delivery and baby birth weight and among healthy pregnant women and pregnant women with PE/GH attending a tertiary care hospital at Udupi district.


Keywords


Maternal Age, Family History of Hypertension, Blood Group, Gravida Status, Gestational Age at Delivery, Birth Weight.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.37506/v11%2Fi2%2F2020%2Fijphrd%2F194786